Merchant Shipping (Fire Appliances) Rule, 1990

MINISTRY OF SURFACE TRANSPORT
(Shipping Wing)

New Delhi, the 24th July, 1990
NOTIFICATION

(Merchant Shipping) 

            G.S.R. 500—Whereas a draft of the Merchant Shipping (Fire Appliances) rules, 1989 was published in the Gazette of India, Part II, Section 3, Sub-section (i), dated the 2nd December, 1989 under the notification of the Government of India in the Ministry of Surface Transport (Shipping Wing), No. G.S.R. 902, dated the 23rd November, 1989, inviting objections and suggestions from all persons likely to be affected thereby till the expiry of a period of sixty days from the date of publication of the said notification in the official Gazette; 

            And whereas the copies of the said Gazette were made available to the public on the 12th December 1989

            And whereas no objections or suggestions have been received; 

            Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 289 and 435 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (44 of 1958), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules, namely:--

 PART I - PRELIMINARY 

            1.         Short title, commencement and application:- 

(1)        These rules may be called the Merchant Shipping (Fire Appliances) Rules, 1990. 

(2)        They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette. 

(3)        They shall apply to every Indian ship and sailing vessel, the keel of which was laid or is at a similar stage of construction on or after the 1st day of July, 1986. 

(4)        They shall not apply to any such ship or sailing vessel the keel of which was laid before the 1st day of July, 1986 and the provisions of the Merchant Shipping (Fire Appliances) Rules, 1969 shall apply to such ships or sailing   vessel: 

            Provided that the Director General of Shipping may after the commencement of these rules, require by order in writing, the owner of any such ship or sailing vessel, having regard to any structural changes made in such ships or sailing vessel, to comply with any or all of the requirements specified in these rules. 

            2.         Definitions:- In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires.--                        

(a)        'Act' means the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (44 of 1958). 

(b)        'accommodation spaces' means public spaces corridors and lobbies, stairways, lavatories, cabins, offices, hospitals, hair dressing saloons, pantries, not containing cooking appliances, lockers, games and hobbies rooms and spaces similar to any of the fore-going and trunks to such spaces allocated to passenger or crew; 

(c)        'approved’ means approved by the Chief Surveyor with the Government of India; 

(d)        'bulkhead deck' is the uppermost deck upto which the transverse water-tight bulkheads are carried; 

(e)        'cargo space' means spaces used for cargo including cargo oil tanks, slop tanks and trunks to all such spaces; 

(f)         "chemical tanker" means a tanker constructed or adapted and used for the carriage in bulk of any liquid product of a flammable nature listed in either,-- 

(i)         chapter 17 of the "International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk"; or 

(ii)         chapter VI of the Code for the construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk. 

                                                whichever is applicable. 

(g)        "closed ro/ro space" is a ro/ro cargo space which is not an open ro/ro space and not a weather deck; 

(h)        "combination carrier" means a tanker designed to carry oil or solid cargo in bulk; 

(i)         "control station"  means spaces in which radio or main navigating equipment, or the emergency source of power or the central fire detection equipment, or fire control equipment, or fire extinguishing installations are located, or a control room located outside a propulsion machinery space;
 
(j)         "crew space" means crew accommodation provided for the exclusive use of the crew ;
 
(k)        "crude oil" means any oil occurring naturally in the earth whether or not treated to render it suitable for transportation and includes : 

(i)         crude oil from which certain distillate fractions may have been removed; and

(ii)                 crude oil to which certain distillate fraction may have been added. 

(l)         "deadweight" means the difference in tonnes between the displacement of a ship in a water of a specific gravity of 1.025 at the load line corresponding to the assigned summer freeboard and the lightweight of the ships; 

(m)       "gas carrier" means a tanker constructed or adapted and used for the carriage in bulk of any liquified gas or other products of a flammable nature listed in either: 

(i)         chapter 19 of the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquified Gases in Bulk; or 

(ii)                 chapter XIX of the Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquified Gases in Bulk; 

whichever is applicable. 

(n)        "guidelines for inert gas systems" forms part of the publication "Inert Gas Systems" 1983 edition published by      the International Maritime Organisation; 

(o)        "length" in relation to a registered ship, means the registered length, and in relation to an unregistered ship, means the length from the fore part of the stem to the aft side of the head of the stern post or, if no stern post is fitted to take the rudder, to the fore side of the rudder stock at the point where the rudder passes out of the hull; 

(p)        "machinery space" means spaces containing propelling machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and major electrical machinery, oil filling station, refrigerating, stabilizing, ventilation and air conditioning machinery and similar spaces and trunks to such spaces: 

(q)        "machinery spaces of category ‘A’ " means the spaces and trunk to such spaces which contain:-- 

(i)         internal combustion machinery used for main propulsion; or 

(ii)                 internal combustion machinery used for purposes other than main propulsion where such machinery has in the aggregate a total power out put of not less than 375 K.W.; or 

(iii)                any oil-fired boiler or oil fire unit; 

(r)         "oil-fired boiler" means any boiler wholly or partly fired by liquid fuel; 

(s)        "oil fuel unit" means the equipment used for the preparation of oil fuel for delivery to an oil fired boiler or equipment used for preparation for delivery of heated oil to an internal combustion engine, and includes any oil pressure pumps, filters and heaters dealing with oil at a pressure more than 1.8 bar (0.18 N/mm2

(t)         "open ro/ro spaces" means ro/ro cargo spaces which are open at both ends, or open at one end and provided with adequate natural ventilation effective over the entire length through permanent openings in the side plating or deck head; 

(u)        "passenger space" means space provided for the use of passengers; 

(v)         "public spaces" include halls, dining rooms, bars, smoke rooms, lounges, recreation rooms, nurseries, libraries, cinemas, sale shops and similarly permanently enclosed spaces allocated to passengers or crew; 

(w)        "Reid vapour pressure" means the vapour pressure of a liquid as determined by laboratory testing in standard manner in the Reid apparatus; 

(x)        "ro/ro cargo spaces" means spaces not normally sub-divided in any way and extending to either a substantial length or the entire length of the ship in which goods (packaged or in bulk), in or on rail or road cars, vehicles (including road or rail tankers), trailers, containers, pallets, demountable tanks or in or on similar stowage units or other receptacles can be loaded and unloaded normally in a horizontal direction. 

(y)        "Schedule" appended to these rules; 

(z)        "service spaces" indoor galleys, pantries containing cooking appliances, laundaries, drying rooms, lockers and store rooms, paint rooms, baggage rooms, mail and specie rooms, workshops (other than those forming part of the machinery spaces) and similar spaces and trunks to such spaces; 

(za)       "short international voyage" is an international voyage in  the  course  of  which a ship is not more than 200 nautical miles from a port or place in which the passengers and crew could be placed in safety.  Neither the distance between the last port of call in the country in which the voyage begins and the final port of destination nor the return voyage shall exceed 600 nautical miles.  The final port of destination is the last port of call in the scheduled voyage at which the ship commences its return voyage to the country in which the voyage began; 

(zb)       "special category space" means an enclosed space above or below the bulkhead deck intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion, into and from which such vehicles can be driven and to which passengers have access; 

(zc)       "tons" means gross tons and in the case of ships having two gross tonnages the larger of these ; 

(zd)       "weather deck" means a deck completely exposed to the weather from above and from at least two sides. 

Classification of Ships 

            3.         Classification of ships :-- For the purpose of these rules, any Indian ship and any sea going sailing vessel shall be arranged in the following classes, namely :-- 

A-Passenger ships 

Class I-             Passenger ships engaged on international voyages other than ships of classes II, III and IV. 

Class II-            Passenger ships engaged on short international voyages other than ships of class IV. 

Class III-            Special trade passenger ships engaged on international voyages other than ships of class IV. 

Class IV-           Special trade passenger ships engaged on short international voyages. 

Class V-            Special trade passenger ships and passenger ships other than ships of classes VI and VII engaged on voyages other than international voyages. 

Class VI-           Special trade passenger ships or passenger ships engaged on voyages on the coasting trade of India during the course of which they do not go more than 20 nautical miles from the nearest land. Provided that such ships shall not cease to be ships of class VI merely by reason of the fact that they cross during their voyage the Gulf of Kutch, Cambay or Mannar. 

Class VII-          Special trade passenger ships or passenger ships engaged on voyages between ports in India during the course of which they do not go more than 5 nautical miles from the nearest land. 

                        B—Ships other than passenger ships 

Class VIII-         Cargo ships engaged on international voyages. 

Class IX-           Cargo ships (other than ships of class X) engaged on voyages which are not international. 

Class X-            Cargo ships engaged on the coasting trade of India (other than ships of class IX) during the course of which they do not go more than 20 nautical miles from the nearest land : 

Provided that such ships shall not cease to be ships of class X merely by reason of the fact that they cross during their voyage the Gulf of Kutch, Cambay or Mannar. 

Class XI-           Cargo ships engaged on voyages between ports in India during the course of which they do not go more than 5 nautical miles from the nearest land. 

Class XII-           Tugs and tenders which proceed to sea but are not engaged on international voyages. 

Class XIII-          Fishing vessels other than those of class XIV. 

Class XIV-         Sailing vessels including sailing fishing vessels. 

Class XV-          Pleasure Craft. 

 
 
PART II – FIRE PREVENTION AND FIRE APPLIANCES

                     Section A—PASSENGER SHIPS 

4.         Application        :- 

(i)         Rule 5 to 15 shall apply to every ship of Class I, II, III, IV and every ship of Class V of 20 meters in length and above. 

(ii)         Rules 16 to 18 shall apply to every ship of Class V of 20 metres in length. 

(iii)        Rules 19 to 23 shall apply to every ship of Class VI of 20 metres in length and above. 

(iv)        Rule 24 shall apply to every ship of Class VI if less than 20 metres in length. 

            (v)         Rule 25 shall apply to every ship of Class VII. 

            5.         Fire petrols, detections, alarm and public address systems :- 

                        Every ship shall comply with the following, namely : 

(i)         An efficient fire patrol shall be maintained in ships carrying more than 36 passengers so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected. 

(ii)         Each member of the fire patrol shall be trained to be familiar with the arrangements of the ship as well as the location and operation of any equipment he may be called upon to use. 

(iii)        Manually operated call points complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VII shall be fitted throughout the accommodation spaces, service spaces and special category spaces, which will give an alarm immediately to the navigating bridge or fire control station.  Such a manually operated call point shall be positioned adjacent to each exit from every special category space. 

(iv)        In every special category space in which the fire patrol is not maintained by a continuous fire watch during the voyage, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VII shall be provided. 

(v)         In every part of the ship which is not reasonably accessible to the fire patrol and in every cargo space (other than special category spaces) containing motor vehicles having fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion, a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VII or a sample extraction smoke detection system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VIII shall be provided.  Provided that the Chief Surveyor with the Govt. of India may, if he is satisfied that compliance with the provisions of this clause would be unreasonable on account of the short duration of the voyages on which the ship, is engaged, exempt any ship from the said requirements in respect of any part of the ship which is not accessible to the fire patrol. 

(vi)        In any machinery space where the main propulsion and associated machinery including sources of main electrical supply are provided with automatic or remote control under continuous manned supervision from a control room, there shall be provided a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VII. 

(vii)       Be so manned and equipped as to ensure that any initial fire alarm is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew at all times when at sea, or in port (except when out of service). 

(viii)       A special alarm, operated from the navigating bridge or fire control station, shall be fitted to summon the crew, which may be part of the ship's general alarm system but shall be capable of being sounded independently of the alarm to the passenger spaces. 

(ix)        A public address system or other effective means of communication shall be available throughout the accommodation space, the service space and control station. 

            6.         Fire pumps, fire main, water service pipes, hydrants, hoses and nozzles. 

(1)        Every ship shall be provided with fire pumps, fire mains, water service pipes, hydrants, hoses and nozzles capable of providing at least two jets of water, not emanating from the same hydrant, capable of reaching normally accessible parts of the ship while the ship is being navigated and any store room and any part of any cargo space when empty.

(2)        Every ship of 4000 tons or above shall be provided with at least three independently driven fire pumps and every ship or less than 4000 tons shall be provided with at least two such pumps, and each such pump shall be capable of delivering two jets of water specified under clause (1) and in addition shall comply with the requirements specified in rule 58.   

(3)        In every ship of 1000 tons and above, the arrangements of sea connections, pumps and sources of power for operating them shall be such as to ensure that fire in any one compartment will not put all the fire pumps out of action: 

            Provided that where arrangement in a ship is such that a fire in any one compartment could put all the fire-pumps out of action, there shall be provided in a position outside the machinery spaces, an independently driven power operated emergency fire pump and its source of power and sea connection.  Such pump shall be capable of producing at least two jets of water from any two hydrants and hoses through nozzles which shall comply with the requirements specified in sub-rule (2) of rule 61 while simultaneously maintaining a pressure of at least 2.1 bar (0.21 N/mm2) at any hydrant in the ship. 

(4)(a)     Every Ship shall be provided with a fire main, water service pipes, hydrants, hoses and nozzles which shall be so arranged that they comply with the requirements specified in rules 59, 60 and 61 when all watertight door and all doors in main vertical zone bulkheads are closed.         

4(b)       In every ship of 1000 tons and above, the arrangement of fire pumps, fire mains and hydrants shall be such that at least one jet of water is immediately available from any one hydrant in an interior location.  Arrangements shall also be made to ensure the continuation of the output of water by the automatic starting of a fire pump. 

(5)        In every ship at least one fire hose complete with nozzle shall be provided for every hydrant fitted in compliance with this rule and shall be used only for the purpose of extinguishing fire or for testing the fire extinguishing appliances at fire drills and surveys. 

(6)        In every ship.      

(a)        in any ro/ro cargo space or any special category space, the number of hydrants with holes shall be positioned near the accesses of such spaces and be so arranged that at least two jets of water, each from a single length of hose, not emanating from the same hydrant shall reach any part of such space. 

            (b)        Where, in any machinery space of category A, access is provided at a low level from an adjacent shaft tunnel two hydrants fitted with hoses with dual-purpose nozzles shall be provided external to, but near the entrance of that machinery space.  Where such access is not provided from a tunnel but is provided from other space or spaces there shall be provided in one of those spaces two hydrant; fitted with hoses with dual-purpose nozzles near the entrance to the machinery space of Category A.  Such provisions need not be made when the tunnel or adjacent spaces are not part of an escape route. 

            (7)        In every ship. 

(a)        at least three water-fog applicators in addition to the nozzles required under this rule shall be provided in special category spaces; 

(b)        carrying more than 36 passengers, each machinery space of category A shall be provided with at least two suitable water fog applicators. 

            7.         Portable fire extinguishers in accommodation, cargo and service spaces :-- 

(1)        Every ship shall be provided:- 

(a)        on each deck below the bulkhead deck, a sufficient number of portable fire extinguishers so that at least two of these shall be readily available for use in every accommodation space, service space and control station, between main vertical zones and  

(b)        in enclosed accommodation space, service spaces and control stations above the bulkhead deck at least one such extinguisher shall be provided for use on each side of the ship in such space, such that the total number of extinguishers provided, including those specified in Clause (a) is not less than five on a ship of 1000 tons or ever; and 

(c)        at least one portable fire extinguisher and a fire blanket in every galley and where the superficial deck area of any galley exceeds 45 square metres, at least two fire blankets. 

(d)        at least one portable fire extinguisher for use in each control station; 

(e)        in each special category space and cargo space intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion; 

            (i)         for every 40 metres length of deck space, at least two portable fire extinguishers, suitable for extinguishing oil fires, so arranged that at least one extinguisher is available on each side of deck space and at least one extinguisher is available at each access to the deck space; and 

(ii)         one portable foam applicator unit complying with the requirement specified in Schedule V. Provided that not less than two such applicators shall be available in the ship for use in any such space. 

            (2)        One of the portable fire extinguishers, intended for use in each space shall be available near the entrance to that space. 

8.         Fixed fire extinguishing systems in cargo spaces. 

            (1)        Every ship of 1000 tons and above and every ship engaged in the carriage of dangerous goods, shall be provided in every cargo space other than special category spaces and spaces where a fixed pressure Water Spraying System is fitted in accordance with clause (b) & (c) of sub-rule (2) and fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule IV.  Provided that the Director General of Shipping may exempt any ship (other than a ship engaged in the carriage of dangerous goods) from the requirements of this sub-rule, if he is satisfied that to require compliance therewith would be unreasonable on account of the short duration of the voyages on which the ship is engaged. 

            (2)        Every ship shall  be provided: 

(a)        in each special category space a fixed pressure water spraying system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XI or any other fixed fire extinguishing system, which the Chief Surveyor with the Government of India, being satisfied after full scale test in conditions simulating a flowing petrol fire in a special category space to be not less effective in controlling fires likely to occur in such a space. 

(b)        in each cargo space (other than special category space) intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion a fixed pressure water spraying system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XI or a fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule IX. 

(c)        in each open ro/ro cargo space having a deck over and each closed ro/ro cargo space not capable of being sealed, a fixed pressure water spraying system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XI. 

            9.         Machinery Spaces, General : 

            Every ship shall be provided with appliances capable of injecting rapidly and simultaneously at least two jests of water not emanating from the same hydrent at least one of which shall be from a single length of hose reaching any part of banker of machinery spaces normally accessible to crew when all water-tight doors in the main vertical zone bulk heads are closed. 

            10.        Machinery Spaces of Category-A: 

            Every ship with machinery space of category-A. 

            (1)        Shall be provided in such spaces:- 

(a)        at least two fire hydrants, one on the port side and the other on the starboard side for each such hydrants, one fire hose complete with a nozzle and one spare fire hose complete with nozzle ; 

(b)        at least one of the following fixed fire extinguishing installations, namely:- 

(i)         a fixed pressure water spraying system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XII,

(ii)         a fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule IX

(iii)        a fixed high expansion foam system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule X. 

            Explanation—For the purpose of this rule, if the engine and boiler rooms are not entirely separated from each other by a bulkhead and if fuel oil can draw from the boiler room into the engine room, the combined engine and boiler rooms shall be considered as one single machinery space. 

            (2)        In addition to the requirements of Clause (1) there shall be provided :- 

(a)        in each boiled room-- 

            (i)         not less than one foam type fire extinguisher of at least 135 litres capacity or CO2 fire extinguisher of at least 45 Killogram capacity, as may be necessary having regard to the size of the boiler room placed in such positions so as to be readily accessible in the event of fire and shall be provided with hoses on reels suitable for reaching any part of the boiler room and spaces containing any part of the oil fuel installation; 

(ii)         one portable foam applicator complying with the requirements specified in Schedule V.

(b)        in each firing space in each boiler room and in each space containing any part of any oil fuel installation, at least two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires; 

(c)        in each firing space a receptacle containing at least 0.3 cubic metre of sand, saw dust impregnated with soda or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fire in sufficient quantity together with scoops for its distribution or in the alternative additional portable fire extinguisher suitable for extinguishing oil fires. 

            (3)        In addition to the requirements of Clause (1) there shall be provided in any space containing internal combustion type machinery:- 

(i)         not less than one foam fire extinguishers of 45 litres or carbon dioxide extinguishers of at least 15 Kilograms capacity.  The extinguishers shall be sited so as to be readily accessible in the event of fire and they shall be sufficient in number to enable foam or CO2 to be directed into any part  of the fuel and lubricating oil pressure systems, gearing and other areas of high fire risk. 

(ii)                 not less than set of portable foam applicator unit complying with the requirements specified in Schedule V. 

(iii)        not less than two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires, to ensure that at least one extinguisher is not more than 10 metres distance from any position within the space. 

11.        SPACES CONTAINING STEAM TURBINE OR ENCLOSED STEAM ENGINES : 

            Every ship shall be provided in spaces containing steam turbine or enclosed pressure lubricated steam engines used either for main propulsion or having in the aggregate, a total power of not less than 375 KW for auxiliary purpose :- 

(a)        if such spaces have not been fitted with fixed fire extinguishing system specified in Clause (1)(b) of rule 10, foam fire extinguisher each of at least 45 litres capacity or carbon dioxide fire extinguishers each of at least 16 Kilograms capacity sufficient in number to enable foam or CO2  to be directed on to any part of the pressure lubrication system and on to any part of the casings enclosing pressure lubricated parts of the turbine, engines or associated gearing and any other areas of high fire risk.

(b)        not less than two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires, sufficient in number, so located that no point in the space is more than 10 metres distance from an extinguisher in that space; provided that where such spaces are periodically unattended one of the fixed fire extinguishing system complying with the requirements of sub-clause (b) of clause (1) of rule 10 shall be provided in addition. 

12.        FIRE EXTINGUISHING APPLIANCES IN OTHER MACHINERY SPACES : 

            In every ship where a fire hazard exists in any machinery space for which no specific provisions for fire extinguishing appliances are specified in rule 10 or 11, there shall be provided in or adjacent to that space sufficient number of portable fire extinguishers to ensure that at least one extinguisher is not more than 10 metres distance from any position within that space unless equivalent means of fire extinction are provided. 

13.        SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINERY SPACES:           

            In every ship :- 

            (1)        in any machinery space of category-A, to which access is provided at a low level from an adjacent shaft tunnel there shall be provided in the shaft tunnel, on the side remote from that machinery space, a light steel screen-door which shall be capable of being operated from each side in addition to any water-tight door, 

            (2)        there shall be provided:- 

(a)        in each special category space a power ventilation system sufficient to give at least 10 air changes per hour; 

(b)        in each cargo space other than special category spaces, intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion, power ventilation system sufficient to give at least 10 air changes per hour for ship carrying more than 36 passengers and 6 air changes per hour for ships carrying less than 36 passengers ;           

            (3)        the power ventilation system referred to in sub-rule (2) shall be entirely separate from other ventilation systems and shall be operated at all times when vehicles are in such spaces. Ventilation ducts serving such spaces capable of being effectively sealed shall be separated for each such space.  The system shall be capable of being controlled from a position outside such spaces.  In addition :-- 

(a)        the ventilation system shall be such as to prevent air stratification and the formation of air pockets; 

(b)        an indicator to indicate on the navigating bridge any loss or reduction of the required ventilating capacity shall be provided; 

(c)        arrangements shall be provided to permit a rapid shut-down and effective closure of the ventilation system in case of fire, taking into account the weather and sea conditions: 

            14.        INTERNATIONAL SHORE CONNECTIONS: 

            Every ship shall be provided with at least one international shore connection complying with the requirements specified in Schedule I, to enable water to be supplied from another ship or from the shore, to the fire main and necessary facilities for enabling such a connection to be used on both sides of a ship. 

15.        FIRE-MAN'S OUTFIT      : 

            (1)        Every ship shall be provided with at least:-- 

(a)        Two fireman's outfit; and 

(b)        two fireman's outfits and two sets of personal equipment for every 80 metres (or part thereof) of the aggregate of the length of all passenger spaces and service spaces on the deck which carries such spaces, or if there is more than one such deck, on the deck which has one largest aggregate or such lengths : 

            (2)        for fireman's outfit which includes a self contained breathing apparatus, one spare charge for each such apparatus.  Every fireman's Outfit and personal equipment referred to in sub-rule (1) shall comply with the requirements specified in Schedule-VI. 

            (3)        At least two of the fireman's outfit referred to in sub-rule (1) shall include breathing apparatus of air hose type and the remaining shall include breathing apparatus of the self contained type. Provided that where the air hose of an air hose type breathing apparatus has, in order to comply with para (3) of Schedule VI, to exceed 36 metres in length, an additional breathing apparatus of self-contained type shall be provided on board the ship. 

            (4)        Every ship carrying more than 36 passengers shall be provided for each pair of breathing apparatus one water for applicator which shall be stored adjacent to such apparatus. 

            (5)        The fireman's outfits on sets of personal equipment referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be so stored as to be easily accessible and ready for use and where more than one fireman's outfits or more than one set of personal equipment is carried they shall be stored in widely separated positions.  At least two fireman's outfits and one set of personal equipment shall be available at any one storage position. 

SHIPS OF CLASS V OF LESS THAN 20 METRES IN LENGTH

 16.        Fire pumps, fire main, water service pipes, hydrants, hoses and nozzles--

            Every ship of class V of less than 20 metres in length shall be provided in a place outside the machinery spaces a power or hand operated pump with a permanent sea connection and a hose with a 10 millimetre diameter nozzle capable of producing a jet of water having a throw of not les than 6 metres, capable of being directed to any part of the ship. 

17.        Portable fire extinguishers-- 

            Every ship of class V of less than 20 metres in length shall be provided with at least one portable fire extinguisher in each of the passenger spaces above the bulkhead deck, and with at least two portable extinguishers in each of the crew spaces and in each of the passenger spaces below the deck.  At least one portable fire extinguisher shall be available for use in any galley. 

18.        Machinery spaces of category A and spaces containing oil fuel settling tanks-- 

            (1)        Every ship of class V of less than 20 metres in length shall be provided-- 

(a)        in any space containing any oil-fired boiler, on fuel setting tank or oil fuel unit, not less than one foam fire extinguisher of at least 45 litres capacity or carbon dioxide extinguishers of at least 16 kilogrammes capacity, which shall be placed so as to be readily accessible in the event of a fire shall be sufficient in number of enable foam or carbon dioxide to be directed on to any part of the boiler room or space containing any part of the oil fuel installation; 

(b)        in such firing space and in each space which contains any part of any oil fuel installation at least two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires; and 

(c)        in each firing space a receptacle containing at least 0.3 cubic metre of sand or other dry material suitable for extinguishing oil fires together with a scoop for its distribution, or an additional portable fire extinguisher suitable for extinguishing oil fires. 

            (2)        Every such ship of 15 metres in length and above but less than 20 metres in length, shall be provided in each space containing internal combustion type propulsion machinery, at least five portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires, and every such ship of less than 15 metres in length shall be provided with at least three such portable fire extinguishers in such spaces :
             Provided that where the internal combustion machinery is situated in a space to which sub-rule (1) applies, only two such portable fire extinguishers need be provided in addition to the extinguishers required by that sub-rule.

SHIPS OF CLASS VI OF 20 METRES IN LENGTH AND ABOVE 

19.        Fire pumps, fire main, water service pipes, hydrants, hoses and nozzles-- 

            (1)        Every ship of class VI of 20 metres in length and above shall be provided with fire pumps, fire main, water service pipes, hydrants, hoses and nozzles whereby at least one jet of water can reach any part of the ship normally accessible to the passengers or crew while the ship is being navigated and any store room and any part of any cargo space when empty. 

            (2)        Every such ship shall be provided with at least one fire pump operated by power, which shall be capable of delivering at least one jet of water from any fire hydrant, hose and nozzle provided in the ship and shall comply with the requirements of rule 58. 

            (3)        Every such ship fitted with oil-fired boilers or internal combustion type propulsion machinery shall be provided with an additional fire pump which shall be permanently connected to the fire main but which may not be required to be operated by power.  Such pump and its source of power, if any, shall not be situated in the same compartment as the pump required under sub-rule (2) and shall be provided with a permanent sea connection situated outside the machinery space.  If such a pump is operated by power, it shall comply with the requirements of sub-rule (2) and if it is manually operated it shall be capable of producing a jet of water having a throw of not less than 6 metres from nozzles. 

            (4)        Every such ship shall be provided with a fire main, water service pipes, hydrants, hoses and nozzles which shall comply with the requirements specified in rules 59, 60 and 61.

            (5)        Every such ship shall be provided with at least one fire hose for every hydrant

            (6)        Every such ship fitted with oil-fired boilers or internal combustion type machinery shall be provided with at least one fire hydrant in each space containing such boilers or machinery; with a nozzle for every fire hose at every hydrant fitted in such spaces. 

20.        Portable fire extinguishers-- 

            Every ship of class VI of 20 metres in length and above shall be provided with at least one portable fire extinguisher in each of the passenger spaces above the bulkhead deck, and with at least two such extinguishers in each of the crew spaces and the passenger space below that deck.  At least one portable fire extinguisher shall be available for use in any gallery. 

21.        Machinery spaces of category A-- 

            (1)        In every ship of class VI of 20 metre, in length and above shall be provided, for the protection of any machinery space of category A, at least one of the fixed fire extinguishing installations required under Clause (1) (b) of rule 10. 

            (2)        In addition to the requirements specified in sub-rule (1), there shall also be provided- 

(a)        in each boiler room not less than two foam fire extinguishers of at least 45 litres capacity or carbon dioxide fire extinguishers of at least 16 kilogrammes capacity and shall be placed so as to be readily accessible in the event of fire and they shall be sufficient in number to enable foam or carbon dioxide to be directed on to any part of the boiler room or spaces containing any part of the oil fuel installations; 

(b)        in each firing space and in each space which contains any part of any oil fuel installation at least two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires; 

(c)        in each firing space a receptacle containing at least 0.3 cubic metre of sand or other dry material suitable for extinguishing oil fires together with a scoop for its distribution, or an additional portable fire extinguisher suitable for extinguishing oil fires. 

            (3)        In addition to the requirements of sub-rule (1) there shall be provided in any machinery space containing internal combustion type machinery: 

(a)        one foam fire extinguisher of at least 45 litres capacity or a carbon dioxide fire extinguisher of at least 16 kilogrammes capacity; and

(b)        not less than two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires, so located that an extinguisher is not more than 10 metres distance from any point in such machinery space.  

22.        Firemen's outfit-- 

            every ship of class VI of 20 metres in length and above shall carry one fireman's outfit for each 30 metres (or part thereof) of the registered length of the ship, complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VI. 

23.        International shore connections-- 

            every ship of class VI of 500 tonnes and above shall be provided with at least one international shore connection complying with the requirements specified in the Schedule I, to enable water to be supplied from another ship or from the shore to the fire man and necessary facilities for enabling such a  connection to be used on both sides of a ship. 

24.        Ships of Class VI of less than 20 metres in Length-- 

            Provisions of Rules 16 to 18 (both inclusive) shall apply to ships of Class VI of less than 20 metres in length.

25.        Ships of Class VII- 

            (1)        Provisions of rules 19 to 23 (both inclusive) shall apply to ships of Class VII of 20 metres in length and above 

            (2)        Provisions of rules 16 to 18 (both inclusive) shall apply to ships of Class VII of less than 20 metres in length. 

SECTION B—SHIPS OTHER THAN PASSENGER SHIPS AND TANKERS

26.        Application-- 

            Save as otherwise provided, the provisions of rules 27 to 36 (both inclusive) shall apply to ships of Classes VIII, IX, X, XI, XII and XV of 500 tons and above.  

27.        Fixed fire extinguishing arrangements in cargo spaces-- 

(1)        Every such ship engaged in the carriage of dangerous goods shall be provided.-- 

(a)        a fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule IX for every cargo space (other than ro/ro cargo space not capable of being sealed); and 

(b)        a fixed pressure water spraying system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XI for every ro/ro cargo space not capable of being sealed. 

            (2)        Every such ship there shall be provided.-- 

(a)        for every ro/ro cargo space capable of being sealed and for every cargo space (other than a ro/ro space) intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion a fixed pressure water spraying system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XI or a fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with the requirements 

(b)        for every ro/ro cargo space not capable of being sealed a fixed pressure water spraying system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XI. 

            (3)        Every such ship of 2000 tons and above other than ships to which sub-rule (1) applier shall be provided a fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule IX for every cargo space.  Provided that the Chief Surveyor with the Government of India may exempt any ship from the requirements of this sub-rule if-- 

(i)         the ship is constructed and solely intended for the carriage of ore, coal, grain, unseasoned timber or any other non-combustible cargoes or cargoes which, in his opinion constitute a low fire risk; and 

(ii)         the ship is fitted with steel hatch covers and effective means of closing all ventilators and other openings leading to the cargo spaces. 

28.        Fire pumps, fire mains, water service pipes, hydrants, hoses and nozzles. 

            (1)        Every such ship shall  be provided with fire pumps, fire-mains, water service pipes, hydrant, house and nozzles which shall be capable of delivering at least two jets of water so as to reach any part of the ship normally accessible to the passengers and crew while the ship is being navigated, and any store room and any part of any cargo space when empty. 

            (2)        (a)        Every such ship, which is less than 1000 tons shall be provided with at least one fire pump operated by power, having a capacity of not less than 25 cubic metres per hour, which shall be capable of delivering at least one jet of water simultaneously from each of any two fire hydrants, hoses and nozzles provided in the ship and shall comply with the requirements of rule 58. 

                        (b)        In every such ship, in addition to the fire pumps required under this rule, one of the other pump shall be fitted in the machinery space such as the general service, bilge and ballast pump, which shall be capable of providing water to the fire main at the capacity and pressure of the fire pumps. 

(c)        Every such ship of 1000 tons and above shall be provided with at least two fire pumps operated by power.  Each pump shall be capable of delivering at least one jet of water simultaneously from each of any two fire hydrants, hoses and nozzles provided in the ship and shall comply with the requirements of rule 58. 

(3)        (a)        If in any such ship fire in any one compartment could put all the fire pumps out of action, an independently driven power operated emergency fire pump and its source of power and sea connection shall be provided in a position outside the machinery spaces. 

                        (b)        In every such ship which is under 1000 tons, such emergency fire pump shall be capable of delivering at least one jet of water simultaneously from each of any two hydrants and hoses through nozzles which shall comply with rule 61(1) while maintaining a pressure of at least 2.1 bar at any hydrant in the ship and for such ships of 1000 tons or over, the pressure at any hydrant shall not be less than 2.5 bar. 

(c)        In every such ship of 2000 tons or over such emergency fire pump shall meet the requirements specified in rule 58(3). 

            4          (a)        Every such ship shall be provided with a fire main, water service pipes, hydrants, hoses and nozzles which shall comply with rules 59, 60 and 61. 

(b)        In every such ship the number of fire hoses shall be in addition to those required for any machinery spaces, one fire hose for each 30 metres f(or part thereof), length of the ship but in no case less than 5 hoses in a ship of 1000 tons and over and not less than 3 in a ship under 1000 tons.  Such hoses shall have a total length of at least 60 per cent of the length of the ship.  In addition there shall be provided one spare fire hoses, complete with couplings and nozzles: 

Provided that the Chief Surveyor with the Government of India may require a greater number of hoses to be carried so as to ensure that hoses in sufficient number are available and accessible at all time, having regard to the size and type of ship and nature of services. 

            (5)        All hydrants in machinery spaces of such ships fitted with main or auxiliary oil fire boilers of internal combustion type of machinery shall be provided with hoses complete with nozzles.  In each such space at least two fire hydrants one on port and one on the starboard side; and in addition where there is access to the machinery space of any such ship by way of a shaft tunnel, a fire hydrant should be provided in the tunnel at the end adjacent to that space. 

            (6)        In every such ship there shall be provided in ro/ro cargo spaces at least three water for applications in addition to the nozzles required by this rule. 

            (7)        In every such ship in every ro/ro cargo space the  number of hydrants with hoses shall be so arranged that at least two jets of water each from a single length of hose not emanating from the same hydrant length of hose not emanating from the same hydrant may reach any part of such space and such hydrants shall be positioned near the accesses to such space. 

29.        Portable fire extinguishers in accommodation, cargo and service spaces. 

            Every such ship shall be provided with-- 

(a)        portable fire extinguishers not being less than fire in a ship of 1000 tons or above and not less than three in a ship of 500 tons and above but less than 1000 tons to ensure that at least one such extinguisher is readily available for use in any part of the accommodation spaces, service spaces and control stations.

(b)        in each ro/ro cargo space intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion-- 

(i)         at least two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires for every 40 metres length of deck space so arranged that at least one extinguisher is available on each side of such space and at least one extinguisher is available at each access to such space. 

(ii)                 one foam applicator complying with the requirements specified in Schedule V

Provided that not less than two such

applicators shall be available in the ship for use in any such space. 

30.        Machinery spaces of Category-A : 

            Every such ship with machinery space of category-A, shall be provided--

            (1)        in such machinery spaces-- 

(a)        at least two fire hydrants one on both sides of the ship for each such hydrants, one fire hose complete with nozzle and one space fire hose complete with nozzle. 

(b)        at least one of the following fixed fire extinguishing installations namely :- 

(i)         a fixed pressure water spraying system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XII. 

(ii)         a fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with the requirements of Schedule IX. 

(iii)        a fixed high expansion foam system complying with the requirement specified in Schedule X. 

            EXPLANATION: - For the purpose of this rule, if the engine and boiler rooms are not entirely separated from each other by a bulk head and if fuel oil can drain from the boiler room into the engine room, the combined engine and boiler rooms shall be considered as one single machinery space.  

            (2)        In each boiler room-- 

(i)         not less than one foam type fire extinguisher of at least 135 litres capacity or Co2 fire extinguisher of at least 45 Kilogramme capacity as may be necessary having regard to the size of the boiler room, placed in such position so as to be readily accessible in event of fire, with hoses on reels suitable for reaching any part of the boiler room and spaces containing any part of the oil fuel installation; 

(ii)         one portable foam applicator complying with the requirements specified in Schedule V: 

(iii)        in each, firing space and in each space containing any part of any oil fuel installation at least two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires; 

(iv)        in each firing space, a receptacle containing at least 0.3 cubic metre of sand, saw dust impregnated with soda or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fire insufficient quantity together with scoops for its distribution or an additional portable fire extinguisher suitable for extinguishing oil fires.           

(3)        in any space containing internal combustion type machinery :-

(i)         not less than one foam fire extinguishers of 45 litres or carbon dioxide extinguishers or at least 16 Kilogramme capacity sufficient in number to enable foam or Co2 to be directed into any part of the fuel and lubricating oil pressure systems, gearing and other areas of high fire risk.;

(ii)         not less than one set of portable foam applicator unit complying with the requirements specified in Schedule V; 

(iii)        not less than two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires to ensure that at least one extinguisher is not more than 10 metres distance from any position within the space. 

31.        Spaces Containing Steam Turbine or enclosed Steam Engines: 

            Every such ship shall be provided in spaces containing steam turbine or enclosed pressure lubricated steam engines used either for main propulsion or having in the aggregate a total power of one less than 375 Kw for auxiliary purposes:- 

(a)        if such spaces have not been fitted with fixed fire extinguishing system specified in clause (1)(b) of rule 30, foam fire extinguish each of at least 45 litres capacity or carbon dioxide fire extinguishers each of at least 16 Kilogramme capacity sufficient in number to enable foam or Co2 to be directed on to any part of the pressure lubrication system and on to any part of the castings enclosing pressure lubricated parts of the turbine, engines or associated gearing and any other areas of high fire risk: 

(b)        not less than two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires, sufficient in number, so located that no point in the space is more than 10 metres distance from an extinguisher in that space. 

32.        Fire Extinguishing Appliances in other Machinery Spaces. 

            Every ship where a fire hazard exists in any machinery space for which no specific provisions for fire extinguishing appliances are specified in rule 30 and 31, shall be provided in or adjacent to such space a sufficient number of portable fire extinguishers to ensure that at least one extinguisher is not more than 10 metres distance from any position within such space or other equivalent means of fire extinction. 

33.        SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS 

            In every ship-- 

(1)        in any machinery space of category 'A' to which access is provided at a low level from an adjacent shaft tunnel there shall be provided in addition to any water-tight door and on the side remote from that machinery space, a light steel fire screen door, which shall be capable of being operated from each side; 

(2)        there shall be provided in each closed ro/ro cargo space and each cargo space intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion, power ventilation system to provide at least six air changes per hour based on an empty hold.  Ventilation fans shall be run continuously whenever vehicles are on board.  The system shall be entirely separate from other ventilating systems.  Ventilation ducts serving such spaces capable of being effectively sealed shall be separated for each cargo space.  The system shall be capable of being controlled from a position outside such spaces.  In addition :-- 

(a)        the ventilation system shall be such as to prevent air stratification and the formation of air pockets; 

(b)        an indicator to indicate any loss of the required ventilating capacity on the navigating bridge: 

(c)        arrangements shall be provided to permit a rapid shutdown and effective closure of the ventilating system in case of fire taking into account the weather and sea conditions. 

 34.FIRE ALAM AND DETECTION SYSTEM.

             (1)        Every ship shall be provided with a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VII in any machinery space where : 

(a)        the installation of automatic and remote control systems and equipment has been approved in lieu of continuous manning of such space ; or 

(b)        the main propulsion and associated machinery including sources of main electrical supply are provided with some automatic or remote control and are under continuous manned supervision from a control room. 

            (2)        In every such ship there shall be provided in each ro/ro cargo space a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VII.  

            (3)        In every such ship shall be provided in each cargo space (other than ro/ro cargo spaces) intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion either a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VII  or a sample extraction smoke detection system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VII

35.FIREMEN'S OUTFITS 

            (1)        Every ship shall carry firemen's outfits which shall comply with requirements specified in Schedule VI in accordance with the following scale:- 

Tonnage of the ship                                     Number of outfits 

500 tons and over but under 2500 tons                 2

2500 tons and over but under 4000 tons               3

4000 tons and over                                            4 

            (2)        At least one such outfit carried in any such ship shall include a breathing apparatus of air hose type and the remainder shall include breathing apparatus of self-contained type. 

            Provided that where the air hose of an air hose type breathing apparatus has, in order to comply with para (3) of Schedule VI to exceed 36 metres in length, one breathing apparatus of the self-contained type shall be provided on board the ship. 

            (3)        The firemen's outfits or sets of personal equipment shall be so stored as to be easily accessible and ready for use and where more than one such set is carried, they shall be stored in widely separated position. 

36.INTERNATIONAL SHORE CONNECTION 

            Every ship shall be provided with-- 

            (1)        at least one international shore connection complying with the requirements of Schedule I to enable water to be supplied from another ship or from the shore to the fire main. 

            (2)        fixed provisions shall be made to enable such a connection to be used on both sides of the ship. 

37.SHIPS OF CLASS VIII UNDER 500 TONS AND SHIPS OF CLASSES IX, X, XI, XII AND XV UNDER 500 TONS BUT NOT UNDER 150 TONS-- 

            (1)        The provisions of this rule shall apply to ships of Class VIII under 500 tons and ships of Classes IX, X, XI, XII and XV under 500 tons but not under 150 tons. 

            (2)        Every ship shall be provided with--- 

(a)        Fire pumps, fire mains, water service pipes, hydrants hoses and nozzles whereby at least one jet of water can reach any part of the ship normally accessible to the passengers or crew while the ship is being navigated and any store room and any part of any cargo space when empty: 

(b)        at least one fire pump operated by power complying with the requirements of rule 58, which shall be capable of delivering at least one jet of water from any fire hydrant hose and nozzle provided in the ship; 

(c)        if fitted with oil-fired boiler or internal combustion type propelling machinery, an additional fire pump and its source of power and sea connection in a position outside the spaces containing such boilers or machinery and if such pump is operated by power, it shall comply with the requirements of the preceding clause and if it is manually operated, it shall be provided with a hose and 10 millimetres diameter nozzle capable of producing a jet of water having a throw of not less than 6 metres capable of being directed on to any part of the ship; 

(d)        a fire main, water service pipes and hydrants complying with the requirements of rule 59 and at least three fire hoses and nozzles complying with rules 60 & 61; 

(e)        at least three portable fire extinguishers so situated as to be readily available for use in the accommodation and service spaces; 

(f)         at least one of the fixed fire extinguishing installations specified in Clause (1)(b) of rule 30 for the protection of any space containing any oil-fired boiler, oil Fuel Setting Tank or Oil Fuel Unit; 

(g)        at least two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires; in each boiler room and in each space which contains any part of any oil fuel installation; 

(h)        a receptacle containing at least 0.3 cubic metre of sand or other dry material suitable for extinguishing oil fires together with a scoop for its distribution or an additional portable fire extinguisher suitable for extinguishing oil fires in each firing space; 

(i)         if it is fitted with internal combustion propelling machinery in machinery spaces with-- 

(i)         portable fire extinguishers capable of discharging from or other substances suitable for quenching oil fires, as specified in the Table below :- 

Power of main engine in KW                No.of porable extinguishers

Upto and including 150                            2

                        Above 150 but not above 300                    4

                        Above 300 but not above 450                    6

                        Above 450                                               7 ; or

 

(ii)         two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires together with-- 

(a)        one foam fire extinguisher of at least 45 litres; or 

(b)        one carbon  dioxide fire extinguisher of at least 16 kilogramme capacity. 

(j)         at least one fireman's outfit which shall comply with the requirements specified in Schedule VI and which shall contain a breathing apparatus of the air hose type. 

38.SHIPS OF CLASSES IX, X, XI AND XII UNDER  150 TONS 

(1)(a)                 in respect of every ship of Classes IX, X, XI and XII under 150 tons, which is 20 metres in length and above the provision of sub-rule (2) of rule 37 shall apply, subject to the conditions that fire pumps required to be provided under clause (b) of that sub-rule may be driven by the main engine. 

(b)        Every such ship being less than 20 metres in length shall be provided, in a position outside the machinery spaces, with a power or a hand operated pump with a permanent sea connection, hose with a 10 millimetre diameter nozzle capable of producing a jet of water having a throw of not less than 6 metres capable of being directed to any part of the Ship, and a spray nozzle suitable for use with the hose : 

            Provided that if such ship is of less than 9 metres in length or is an open ship of less than 20 metres is length and if such ship complies with the requirements of sub-rule (2), so far as it relates to fire buckets the requirement specified in this clause shall not be required to be complied with and if such ship does not comply with the requirement of sub-rule (3) so far as it relates to fire buckets,  shall be required to have two fire buckets one of which shall be fitted with a lanyard. 

            (2)        Every such ship shall be provided with portable fire extinguishers or with fire buckets in accordance with the following Table:- 

Length of ship                        Minimum number of extinguishers or buckets             

Under 20 metres                                                                        2

20 metres or over                                                                       3

When fire buckets are provided, these shall be fitted with a lanyard.  

            (3)        Every such ship if fitted with oil-fired boilers or internal combustion type propulsion machinery shall in addition be provided with portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires in accordance with the following table :-- 

Length of ship                        Minimum number of extinguishers or buckets             

Under 6 metres                                                              1

6 metres or over                                                             2 

            (4)        Every such ship of 9 metres in length or over which is fitted with oil-fired boilers or internal combustion type propulsion machinery shall, if it is mainly or wholly constructed of wood or glass reinforced plastic and is decked in way of the machinery space, be provided with means outside the machinery space for rapidly injecting into the machinery space a quantity of fire smothering gas equivalent to at least 60 per cent of the gross volume of that space, or where the machinery space is bounded by steel bulk-heads equivalent to at least 40 per cent of the gross volume of the space. 

            Provided that where such ship is of less than 20 metres in length, it will be sufficient if a water spraying system supplied from a hand pump and a permanent sea connection situated outside the machinery space which may be the hand pump and the sea connection referred to in sub-rule (1)(b) is provided.  Such pump shall be connected by fixed piping to a sufficient number of water spraying nazzles suitably placed in the machinery space and capable of extinguishing oil fires. 

            (5)        Every such ship being a fully decked ship of 20 metres in length or over shall be provided with a fireman's axe. 

SHIPS OF CLASS XIII 

39.SHIPS OF CLASS XIII OF 60 METRES IN LENGTH AND ABOVE:- 

            (1)        The Provisions of rules 28 to 30 (except sub-rule 2(ii) and 3(ii) of rule 30), 35 and 36 shall apply to ships of class XIII of 60 metres in length and above as they apply to ships of class XIII of 1000 tons and above, and 

            (2)        In every such ship, a water spray system independent of any system fitted in the machinery space capable of being connected with the fire main and operable from outside the store shall be fitted in the net store. 

40.SHIPS OF CLASS XIII OF 45 METRES IN LENGTH AND ABOVE BUT LESS THAN 60 METRES IN LENGTH :- 

            (1)        The provisions of rules 28 to 30 (except sub-rules 2(ii) and 3(ii) of rule 30), 35 and 36 shall apply to ships of class XIII of 45 metres in length and above but less than 60 metres in length as they apply to ships of class VIII of 500 tons and above, and 

            (2)        In every such ship, a water spray system independent of any system fitted in the machinery space capable of being connected with a fire man and operable from outside the store shall be fitted in the net store. 

41.SHIPS OF CLASS XIII OF 25 METRES IN LENGTH AND ABOVE BUT LESS THAN 45 METRES:-- 

            (1)        The provisions of rule 37(2) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (i) (j) shall apply to ships of class XIII of 25 metres in length and above but les than 45 metres in length as they apply to ships of class VIII of less than 500 tons. 

            (2)        In every such ship, the hull of which is constructed of wood or glass reinforced plastic, there shall be provided for the protection of machinery spaces a fixed fire smothering gas installation complying with the requirements specified in Schedule IX except that the quantity of free fire smothering gas provided shall be equivalent to at least 60 per cent of the gross volume of the machinery space or in the case of any such ship where the machinery space is bounded by steel bulkheads, the quantity off free fire smothering gas shall be equivalent to at least 40 per cent of the gross volume of that space. 

            (3)        In every such ship which is not required to comply with sub-rule (2) shall be provided with at least one of the fixed fire extinguishing installations required under rule 30(1)(b) for the protection of any space containing any oil fire boiler, oil fuel settling tank or oil fuel unit in ships. 

            (4)        In every such ship, in addition to the requirements of sub-rule (3), there shall be provided:-- 

(a)        in each boiler room and in each space which contains any part of any oil fuel installation, at least two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires; 

(b)        in each firing space a receptacle containing at least 0.15 cubic metres of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires together with a scoop for its distribution, or an additional portable fire extinguisher suitable for extinguishing oil fires. 

            (5)        In every such ship, water spray system independent of any system fitted in the machinery space and which may be connected to the fire main shall be fitted in the net store and be operable from outside the space.  

42.SHIPS OF CLASS XIII OF LESS THAN 25 METRES IN LENGTH:- 

            The provisions of rule 38 shall apply to ships of class XIII of less than 25 metres in length. 

SHIPS OF CLASS XIV 

43.SHIPS OF CLASS XIV OF 500 TONS AND ABOVE :- 

            The  provisions of rule 37 shall apply to all ships of Class XIV of 500 tons and above.  

44.SHIPS OF CLASS XIV OF 150 TONS AND ABOVE BUT LESS THAN 500 TONS :- 

(1)(a)     Every ship of class XIV of 150 tons and over but less than 500 tons shall be provided with at least one fire pump and fire hose with nozzle whereby a jet of water can be directed into any part of the ship. 

(b)    Where the pump provided in accordance with clause (a) is situated inside spaces containing oil fired boilers or internal combustion machinery, there shall be provided outside such space a portable diesel driven pump or a hand pump with a hose and nozzle capable of delivering a jet of water having a throw of not less than 6 metres. 

(c)     Every such ship shall be provided with at least 3 portable fire extinguishers for the protection of accommodation and service spaces. 

  (d)      Every such ship shall be provided with three fire buckets. 

(2)        Every such ship fitted with main or auxiliary oil fired boilers or internal combustion propelling machinery shall be provided with-- 

            (a)        a nozzle suitable for spraying water on oil; 

(b)        a receptacle containing 0.3 cubic metre of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires together with a scoop for distributing the contents of the receptacle. 

            (3)        In each boiler room or space containing any part of any oil fuel installation of such ship there shall be provided at least 2 portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires. 

            (4)        In each machinery space in such ship one foam extinguisher of at least 45 litre capacity or an equivalent carbon dioxide extinguisher shall be provided. 

            (5)        At least 2 portable extinguishers capable of discharging foam or any other substance suitable for quenching oil fires shall be provided in such ship. 

45.SHIPS OF CLASS XIV OF UNDER 150 TONS:- 

            (1)        Every ship of class XIV of 50 tons and above but less than 150 tons shall be provided, with a fire pump operated by power and fire hose with nozzle capable of discharging at jet of water into any part of the ship and where the fire pump is driven by main engine, a outside the machinery space with its sea connection and hose and nozzle capable of directing a jet of water having a throw not less than 6 metres.  In addition, a nozzle for spraying water suitable for quenching oil fire shall be provided. 

(2)        Every such ship fitted with main or auxiliary oil fired boilers or internal combustion propelling machinery shall be provided with.-- 

(a)        a receptable containing 0.3 cubic metre of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires together with a scoop for distributing the contents of the receptacle; 

(a)                 at least 4 portable fire extinguishers capable of discharging foam or other substances suitable for quenching oil fires.  

(3)        Every such ship shall be provided with fire buckets in accordance with the following Table :-
 
TABLE

 

Ship tonnage Minimum number of fire buckets

Under 50 tons

Over 50 tons but not over 100 tons

Over 100 tons

2 (One of which shall be fitted with lanyard)

3 (two of which shall be fitted with lanyard)

4 (two of which shall be fitted with lanyard)

46.SHIPS OF CLASS XV OF UNDER 150 TONS:- 

            (1)        Every ship of class XV of under 150 tons of 20 metres in length or over.-- 

(a)        shall be provided with fire pumps fire mains, water mains, hydrants, hoses and nozzles capable of producing at least one jet of water to reach any part of the ship normally accessible to the passengers or crew while the ship is being navigated, and any store room and any part of any cargo space when empty; 

(b)        shall be provided with at least one fire pump operated by power which may be driven by the main engine and which shall be cabable of delivering at least one jet of water from any fire hydrant hose and nozzle provided with the ship and which shall comply with the requirements of rule 58: 

(c)        if fitted with boilers or internal combustion type propulsion machinery, the pump required under the preceding clause and its source of power and sea connection are not situated outside spaces containing such boilers or machinery, there shall be provided in a position outside such spaces an additional fire pump and its source of power and sea connection.  If such comply with the requirements of the preceding clause and if it is manually operated, it shall be provided with a hose and a 10 millimetre diameter nozzle through which it shall be capable of producing a jet of water having a throw of not less than 6 metres capable of being directed on to any part of the ship; 

(d)        In every such ship there shall be provided a fire main, water service pipes and hydrants which shall comply with the requirements of rule 59 and at least two fire hoses. 

            (2)        Every such ship of less than 20 metres in length shall be provided in a position outside the machinery spaces with either a power or a hand operated pump with a permanent sea connection, a hose with a nozzle at least 6 millimetres in diameter capable of producing a jet of water having a throw of not less than 6 metres capable of being directed on to any part of the ship, and in addition a spray nozzle suitable for use with the hose. 

            Provided that if such ship is of less than 15 metres in length or is an open ship of less than 20 metres in length and if such ship complies with the requirements of sub-rule (3), so far as it relates to fire buckets, the requirements specified in this sub-rule shall not be required to be complied with and if such ship does not comply with the requirements of sub-rule (3), so far as it relates to fire buckets, shall be required to have two fire buckets one of which shall be fitted with a lanyard. 

            (3)        Every such ship shall be provided with portable fire extinguishers or with fire buckets in accordance with the following table:--  

TABLE 

_____________________________________________________________

Length of ship       Minimum number of extinguishers or buckets

_____________________________________________________________

 Under 20 metres                                                            2

20 metres or over                                                            3

_____________________________________________________________ 

(when fire buckets are provided at least one shall be fitted with a lanyard). 

            (4)        Every such ship, if fitted with oil-fired boilers or internal combustion type propelling machinery shall, in addition, be provided with two portable fire extinguishers suitable for extinguishing oil fires. 

            (5)        Every such ship being a fully decked ship of 20 metres in length or over shall be provided with fireman's axe. 

Section C—TANKERS 
TANKERS OF CLASS VII AND IX OF 500 TONS OR OVER 

47. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS:-

            Provisions of rules 28, 29(a), 30 to 33 (1) (both inclusive), 34(1) and 36 shall apply to every tanker of class VIII and IX of 500 tons or over. 

48.CARGO TANK PROTECTION:- 

            (1)        Every tanker of class VIII and class IX of 500 tons or over shall be provided with a fixed deck foam system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XIII. 

            Provided that the requirement of this sub-rule shall not apply to a chemical tanker having a valid certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk, in compliance with the requirements of the IMO Code for the Construction and equipment of ships carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk, and to a gas carrier having a valid certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk in compliance with the requirements of the IMO Code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying liquefied gases in bulk. 

            (2)        Every tanker of class VIII and class IX of 20,000 tonnes deadweight or over constructed or adapted and used to carry crude oil and petroleum products having a closed flash point not exceeding 600C, the reid vapour pressures of which is below that of atmospheric pressure and other liquids having a similar fire hazard shall be provided with an inert gas system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XIV: 

Provided that the requirement of this sub-rule shall not apply to a chemical tanker having a valid certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk in compliance with the requirements of the IMO Code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk, and to a gas carrier having a valid certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk in compliance with the requirements of the IMO Code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying liquefied gases in bulk.  For these ships, alternative arrangements may be provided to the satisfaction of Chief Surveyor with the Government of India. 

           (3)        Combination carriers shall not carry solid cargoes unless,-- 

(a)        all cargo tanks are empty of crude oil and other petroleum products having a closed flash point not exceeding 600C and other liquids having a similar fire hazard and are gas freed; or 

(b)        the arrangements provided in each case are in accordance with the relevant operational requirements contained in the "Guidelines for Inert Gas Systems". 

(4)(a)                 Every inert gas system provided in accordance with this rule shall be designed and operated so as to render and keep the atmosphere of the cargo tanks including the slop tanks non-flammable at all times, except where such tanks are to be gas free.          

(b)                In the event that the inert gas system is unable to meet the operational requirement set out above and it has been assessed that it is impractical to effect a repair, then cargo discharge, deballasting and necessary tank cleaning may only be resumed when the "emergency procedures" laid down in the "Guidelines for Inert Gas Systems" are complied with. 

            (5)        Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-rule (2), every tanker of class VIII and class IX operating with a tank cleaning procedure using crude oil washing shall be,--

(a)        fitted with an inert gas system complying with the requirements specified in Schedule XIV, and 

                        (b)        provided with fixed tank washing machines. 

            (6)        Every tanker of class VIII and class IX fitted with a fixed inert gas system shall be provided with a closed ullage system. 

            (7)        Other fixed fire extinguishing installations may be provided in place of those required by the foregoing provisions of this rule if each installation is equivalent to the said systems in the manner set out in clauses (a) and (b),-- 

(a)        an installation provided in place of the inert gas system shall be deemed to be equivalent to that system, if it is,--  

(i)         capable of preventing dangerous accumulation of explosive mixtures in intact cargo tanks during normal service throughout the ballast voyage and necessary intank operations; and 

(ii)         so designed as to minimize the risk of ignition from the general of static electricity by the system itself. 

(b)        an installation provided in place of the fixed deck foam system shall be deemed to be equivalent to that system, if it is,-- 

(i)         capable of extinguishing spill fires and precludes ignition of spilled oil, and 

(ii)         capable of combating fires in ruptured tanks.

49.CARGO TANK PURGING AND/OR GAS FREEING:- 

            (1)        In every tanker of class VIII and class IX of 500 tons or over, arrangements of purging or gas freeing, or both, shall be such as to minimize the hazards due to the dispersal of flammable vapours in the atmosphere and to flammable mixtures in a cargo tank. 

            (2)        When such tanker is provided with an inert gas system, it shall first be purged in accordance with the provisions of para (13) of Schedule XIV until the concentration of hydrocarbon vapours in the cargo tanks has been reduced to less than 2 per cent by volume.  Thereafter, venting may be at the cargo tank deck level. 

            (3)        When such ship is not provided with an inert gas system, the operation shall be such that the flammable vapour is initially discharged,-- 

(a)        through the vent outlets as specified in regulation 59 of chapter II-2 of the Safety Convention; or 

(b)        with a vertical exit velocity of a at least 20 metres per second through outlets at least 2 metres above the cargo tank deck level and through devices (other than flame screens) complying with Sixth Schedule to the Merchant Shipping (Cargo Ship Construction and Survey) Rules, 1988so as to prevent the passage of flame into the cargo tanks.  When the flammable vapour concentration in the outlet has been reduced to 30 per cent of the lower flammable limit the discharge of the vapour mixture may be at the cargo tank deck level. 

50.        CARGO PUMP ROOMS:- 

            (1)        Except as otherwise provided in sub-rule (2), in every tanker of class VIII and class IX of 500 tons or over, each cargo pump room and each pump room having a similar hazard shall be provided with at least one of the fixed fire extinguishing systems specified in clause (1) (b) of rule 30 and shall be operated from a readily accessible position outside the pump room and where the fixed fire extinguishing system is a gas system,-- 

(a)        the alarm system referred to in Schedule VII shall be safe for use in a flammable cargo vapour or air mixture; 

(b)        a notice shall be exhibited at the controls of such fixed fire extinguishing system stating that due to the electrostatic ignition hazard, the system is to be used only for fire extinguishing and not for inerting purposes; 

(c)        in which medium used in the cargo pump room system is also used in systems serving other spaces, the quantity of medium provided or its delivery rate need not be more than the maximum required for the largest compartment. 

            (2)        In chemical tankers having a valid certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk, where the fixed fire extinguishing system referred to in sub-rule (1) is a gas system, the concentration shall be as specified in the code for the construction and equipment of ships carrying dangerous chemicals in bulk.

51.        FIRE MAIN ISOLATING VALVES:- 

            In every tanker of class VIII and class IX of 500 tons or over, isolation valves shall be fitted in the fire main at poop front in a protected position and on the tank deck at intervals of not more than 40 metres so as to preserve the integrity of the fire main system in case of fire or explosion. 

52.        FIREMEN'S OUTFITS:- 

            In every tanker of class VIII and class IX of 500 tons and over, there shall be provided not less than four firemen's outfits complying with the requirements specified in Schedule VI, which shall be so stored as to be easily accessible and ready for use and where more than one fireman's outfits are carried, they shall be stored in widely separated positions. 

53.        TANKERS OF CLASS VIII OF UNDER 500 TONS :- 

(1)        The provisions of rules 37, 49 and 50 shall apply to every tankers of class VIII under 500 tons. 

(2)        In addition to the requirements specified in sub-rule (1), every such tanker shall be provided with at least one mobile foam appliance capable of discharging foam rapidly in the cargo manifold areas by simple operation. 

54.        TANKERS OF CLASS IX OF 150 TONS OR OVER BUT UNDER 500 TONS :-     

            The provisions of rules 37, 49, 50 and sub-rule (2) of rule 53 shall apply to tankers of class IX of 150 tons or over but under 500 tons. 

55.        TANKERS OF CLASS IX OF UNDER 150 TONS :- 

            The provisions of rules 37, 49, 50 and sub-rule 53 shall apply to tankers of class IX under 150 tons. 

56.        TANKERS OF CLASS X :- 

            The provisions of rules 35 and 47 to 51 shall apply to tankers of class X of 500 tons or over, the provisions of rule 54 shall apply to such tankers of 150 tons or over but under 500 tons and rule 55 shall apply to such tankers under 150 tons: 

            Provided that tankers over 500 tons but less than 2000 tons may comply with the provisions of sub-rule (2) of rule 53 in place of sub-rule (1) of rule 48. 

Section D-MISCELLANEOUS 

57.        Requirements for Ships Provided with Helicopter landing with or without Fuelling Facilities--