Merchant Shipping (Crew Accommodation) Rules, 1960

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATINS
(Department of Transport)
MERCHANT SHIPPING
NEW DELHI, THE 30TH DECEMBER, 1960
 

G.S.R.  1568. – In exercise of the powers conferred by section 175 read with section 457 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (44 of 1958), and in supersession  of all previous rules and orders on the subject the Central Government hereby makes the following  rules the same having  been previously published as required by sub-section (1) of section 175 of the said Act., namely :- 

               1. Short title. Commencement and application – (1) These rules may be called the Merchant Shipping (Crew Accommodation) Rules, 1960, as amended in 1967 and 1970. 

(2) They shall come into force on the 1st January, 1961.

(3)They  shall apply to :- 

(a)             every sea-going mechanically propelled ship of 200 tons gross and over for the time being registered in  India, whether so registered before or after  the date on which these rules come into force; 

(b)             every such ship which, at any time after that date, is being constructed to the order of a person qualified to be the owner of an Indian Ship and has not been registered  in India : 

not being a fishing, vessel, a pleasure yacht, a ship belonging to a general light-hose authority, or a ship being constructed for  use as a fishing vessel or pleasure yacht, or for use by a general light house authority. 

               2. Definitions : - (1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise  requires : 

(a)       “ Act” means the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958

(b)       “apprentice” includes a cadet and a midshipman

(c)       “approved” means approved by the Central Government

(d)       “chief officer” includes a first Mate and at only Mate   

(e)       “crew” means seamen and apprentices ;

(f)         “petty officer” means a rating serving in a supervisory position or in a position of special responsibility who is classed as petty officer by collective agreement or custom;

(g)       “rating” means a member of the crew other than an officer;

(h)       “sanitary accommodation” means washing accommodation and accommodation containing water closets or urinals;

(i)         “Schedule” means a Schedule to these rules;

(j)         “sleeping room” does not include a hospital ward;

(k)       “surveyor” means a surveyor appointed under  section 9 of the Act;

(l)         “tons” means gross tons;

(m)     “trunked mechanical ventilation system” means a system of ventilation complying with the specifications set forth in the First Schedule;

(n)       “washing accommodation” does not include – 

(i)                   any sleeping room or hospital ward, whether or not provided with a wash basin, bath or shower ; or  

(ii)                 any room appropriated for use only as a laundry. 

   (2)  Unless the context  otherwise requires, no structure shall be deemed to be watertight, gastight, or oiltight for the purposes of these rules unless all openings in that structure, other than ventilation opening necessary for the admission of air from passageways to sanitary accommodation, laundries, drying rooms or galleys, are provided with means of closure which will enable such  openings  to be made watertight, gastight or oiltight, as the case ma be.  

   3. Plans . – (1) Every person to whose order a ship to which these rules apply is being constructed shall cause a plan of the ship on a scale not smaller than 1 in 100, to be submitted to the Principal Officer, Mercantile Marine Department of the  place where it is intended to register  the ship ( hereafter in this rule referred to as the Principal Officers) on a day not later than the day on which the  keel of the ship is laid, showing clearly the proposed arrangement of the crew accommodation in the ship and its proposed position in relation to other spaces therein. 

(2) Every such person shall cause the followings plans to be  submitted to the Principal Officer on a day not later than the day on which the  construction of any part of the crew accommodation is begun :- 

(a)       plans of the proposed crew accommodation, on a scale not smaller than 1 in 50 in the case of a ship under 153 meters in length and not smaller than 1 in 100 in the case of any other ship, showing clearly the purpose for which each space therein is to be appropriated and the proposed disposition of the furnishing, fittings and obstructions therein ; and  

(b)       plans showing clearly the proposed arrangements for supplying water to the crew accommodation and for   heating, lighting and  ventilating the accommodation. 

(3)  The owner of every ship to which these rules apply shall submit or cause to be submitted to the  Principal Officer, before any alteration or reconstruction is carried out in the crew accommodation thereof, plans on the scales and showing the  information referred to in sub-rules (1) and (2), and relating to the crew accommodation as  altered or reconstructed, as the case may be :  

         Provided that if the crew accommodation in any ship is altered or reconstructed at a place outside India in consequence of an emergency or an accident to the ship, such plans shall be submitted to the Principal Officer as soon as practicable.  

   (4). Position of Crew Accommodation – (1)  In every ship to which these rules apply, the crew accommodation, other than store  rooms, shall be wholly situated above the  Summer load line, if any, marked on the ship in accordance with the provisions of the rules made under section 311 of the Act. The Central Government may exempt from the requirement of this sub-rule –

(a)       any passenger ship;

(b)       any tug ;

(c)       any cable ship;

(d)       any salvage ship;

(e)       any crane ship;

(f)         any dredger and any ship engaged n the conveyance of the spoil of dredging ;

(g)       any other ship not being a ship engaged in the carriage of cargo, if it is satisfied that  compliance with such requirement is unreasonable or impracticable by reason of the size or intended service of the ship. 

(2)  In every ship to which these rules apply, the crew accommodation, other than store rooms, shall be situated amidships  or aft. The Central Government may   exempt any ship from the requirement of this sub-rule to  the extent that it is  satisfied  that  compliance therewith is  unreasonable or impracticable by reason of the size or intended service  of the ship; provided that in ships of 500 tons or over, no part of the crew accommodation, other than  store rooms, shall be forward of the collision bulkhead. 

(3) Sleeping rooms forming part of the crew accommodation of a passenger ship  to which these rules apply shall not be situated immediately beneath a working passageway. 

(4) The sum of the unobstructed horizontal distances with three times the vertical distances involved in traveling from any radio officer’s sleeping room to the radio office shall not exceed fifty-five metres. 

5. Height  of Crew Accommodation – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply, the height of the crew accommodation measured from the top of the floor beams to the top of the crown  beams shall be not less than the followings :- 

            In ships  of under 1,600 tons – 2.20 metres.

            In ships of 1,600 tons or over – 2.30 metres. 

            The Central Government may exempt any ship form the requirement of this sub-rule in respect of store rooms and sanitary accommodation. 

(2)  In every ship to which these rules apply, sleeping room and other part of crew accommodation  requiring free movement shall be so constructed as to provide a clear head room of atleast 190 centimeters :           

            Provided that the  Central Government may exempt any ship from the requirement of this sub-rule to the  extent it is satisfied that compliance therewith is unreasonable  or impracticable. 

6. Construction of Bulkheads and Panelling  – (i) In every hip to which these rules apply, all bulkheads enclosing or within  any part of the crew  accommodation shall be properly constructed of steel or other suitable material.  If the bulkheads are exposed to the weather they shall be of watertight and  gastight construction, and means of closure shall be provided for all openings in such bulkheads so as to enable them to be made weathertight. 

            (2) Any bulkhead which separates any part of the crew accommodation   (other than a recreation deck space) from a space used as -- 

(a)     a permanent coal bunker ; 

(b)     an oil fuel bunker; 

(c)     a cargo or machinery space; 

(d)     a lamp room or paint room; 

(e)     a store room not forming part of the crew accommodation (other than a dry provision store room); 

(f)       a chain locker ; or  

(g)     a cofferdam; 

                        shall be gastight, and shall be watertight where necessary to protect the crew accommodation. 

                        (3)        Any bulkhead which separators any part of the crew accommodation from a dry provision store room ( whether or not such store room form par t of the crew accommodation) shall be gastight. 

               (4)     Subject to the provisions of sub-rule (5) of rule 27, any bulkhead which separates any part of the crew accommodation  from sanitary accommodation or  from a laundry or drying room, galley or cold store room (whether or not such sanitary accommodation, laundry, drying room, galley or cold store room from part of the crew accommodation) shall be gastight, and shall be watertight to such height as is necessary to prevent the passage of water into the adjoining space.  In particular, any bulkhead separating sanitary  accommodation from any other part of the crew accommodation shall except in a doorways, be watertight to a height of at least 23 centimetres above the floor of the sanitary accommodation.  Provided that the requirements of this sub-rule shall not apply to bulkheads separating -- 

(a)     a sanitary accommodation from another sanitary accommodation : 

(b)     a laundry or drying room from anther laundry or drying room; 

(c)     a cold store room form another cold store room; 

(d)     a galley from another galley or a pantry ; 

(e)     sanitary accommodation appropriated for the  sole use of one person from a sleeping room form which it may be directly entered. 

            (5) Any  inside paneling in the crew accommodation shall be constructed  of plywood  or other  suitable material with  a surface which  can be easily kept clean.  Neither bulkheads nor inside  paneling shall be constructed with  tongued and grooved boarding or in a manner or with  material likely to harbor vermin. 

            7.  Overhead Decks – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply being a ship constructed of steel or other metal, every  deck which forms the crown of any  part of the crew accommodation ( in this rule referred to as an “overhead deck”) and is  exposed to the  weather shall be constructed of  steel or other metal..  The Central Government may exempt any ship from the requirement of this sub-rule to the extent that it is satisfied that it is necessary  to do so by reason of the intended service of the ship.  

    (2) The upper side of every such deck shall be sheathed with wood or with a material which complies with the requirements specified in the Second Schedule.  Such sheathing shall be properly laid and, if it  consists of wood, shall be properly caulked.  The Central Government may exempt and ship from the requirements  of this sub-rule to the  extent that it is satisfied that the  undersides of the overhead decks are insulated with a material ( other than wood) which complies with the  requirements specified in the Third Schedules, and which is so fitted as to avoid as far as possible absorption of water, condensation, transmission of noise and harbouring  of   dirt and vermin. 

   (3)     Every wooden overhead deck shall be at least  6.4 centimeters thick and every wooden sheathing shall be at least 5.8 centimeters thick.  The Central Government may exempt any ship from either of the requirements of this sub-rule to the extent  that it is satisfied that  compliance therewith  is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances. 

         8. Flooring – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply the decks which form the floors in the crew accommodation shall  be properly constructed and  shall have a surface which provides a good foothold and is capable of being easily kept clean.  The floor covering shall be impervious to water and, if the deck is situated on the top of an oil tank, impervious to oil. 

(2) Wooden decks which form the floors in the crew accommodation shall be at least 6.4  centimeters thick and shall be properly laid and caulked.  The Central Government may exempt and ship from the  requirements of this sub-rules, to the extent that  it is satisfied that compliance therewith  is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances. 

 (3)    The surface of metal decks which from the floors of the crew accommodation, not being floors in sanitary accommodation, galleys, store rooms or laundries, shall  be covered with linoleum  or wooden planking, or with a material which complies with the  requirements specified in the Second Schedules. The joining of such material with the side walls shall be rounded in a manner which will avoid crevices.  Such linoleum, planking or material shall be properly laid. 

 (4)    The floors of sanitary accommodation,  galleys and laundries in the crew accommodation shall be  covered with terrazzo, tiles, or other hard  material which is impervious to liquids.  The floor covering shall be properly laid and shall provide a  good foothold.  The joining of the floors with the side walls shall be rounded in a manner which will avoid crevices. 

9. Protection from Weather, etc – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply, the crew accommodation  and the  means of excess thereto and egress there from shall be so arranged and constructed and situated in such apposition as to ensure – 

(a)          the protection of the crew against injury to the  greatest practicable extent; 

(b)          the protection of the crew accommodation against the  weather and the sea; 

(c)          the insulation of the crew accommodation from heat and cold; 

(d)          the protection of the crew accommodation against moisture due to condensation; 

(e)          the exclusion from the crew accommodation of effluvia originating in other spaces in the ship; and   

(f)            the exclusion from the crew accommodation, to the greatest  practicable extent, of noise originating in other spaces in the ship. 

                        (2)        Without  prejudice to the generality of the foregoing sub-rule :- 

(a)                 Every opening from an open deck into the crew accommodation shall be protected against the weather and the sea. 

(b)                 The crew accommodation shall be accessible at all times from the open deck. 

(c)                 Access to sleeping rooms, mess rooms, recreation rooms and studies forming part of the crew accommodation shall be obtained from a passageway which shall be  provided with a hinged door at any entrances from the open deck.  The Central Government  may exempt any  ship  from the requirement of this clause to the  extent that it is satisfied that compliance  therewith  is unreasonable  or impracticable by reason of the size or intended service of the ship.  

(d)                 Bow hawse pipes shall not be situated in the crew accommodation.  The  Central Government may exempt any ship of under 400  tons from the requirement of this clause. 

(e)                 Stem supply and exhaust pipes for steering gear, winches and similar equipment shall not pass through crew accommodation.  Provided that, if in the case of nay ship of 500 tons or over the Central Government is satisfied that alternative  arrangements are unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances, it  may permit such pipes if properly encased to pass through passageways forming part of the crew accommodation subject, in the case of supply pipes, to the following conditions :-  

(i)         the pipes shall be constructed of solid drawn steel or other suitable material ;              

                                    (ii)      the pips shall be of a scantling  sufficient to withstand the maximum pressure form
                                              the ship’s boiler system; 

(iii )       all connections in the pipes shall be by faced flange properly joined ; and 

(iv)    the pipes shall be fitted with adequate drainage  arrangements. 

            The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from the requirements of this clause if it is satisfied that  adequate arrangements have been made to ensure the safety of the crew. 

(f)                   All steam pipes, hot water pipers and calorifiers  in or serving the crew accommodation  shall be efficiently lagged wherever lagging is necessary for the conservation  of heat or the protection of the crew against injury or discomforts.  All cold water pipes in the crew accommodation shall be efficiently lagged wherever  lagging is  necessary for the prevention of condensation. 

(g)                 Chain pipes, and ventilator trunks to cargo spaces or tanks shall be made of steel or other suitable material and shall be gastight where they pass through any part of  the crew  accommodation. 

(h)                 Batteries for the operation of the  ships radio installation, if any shall not be placed in any sleeping room provided for the crew, and precautions shall be taken which will ensure that fumes from such batteries cannot discharge into any part of the crew accommodation. 

(i)                    The bulkheads and the  pars of the ship’s side which enclose the crew accommodation shall be insulated in a manner which will prevent overheating  of the accommodation, and  shall be  covered with  protective  covering which will prevent the  condensation of moisture. The Central Government may exempt any ship form the requirements  of this clause to the extent that it is satisfied that the crew accommodation is adequately  protected by its position and ventilation against overheating and condensation.  

(j)                   Every bulkhead, casing and deck separating the  crew accommodation from  other spaces in the ship in which heat or  cold may be generated shall be insulated in a manner which will prevent the crew accommodation being so affected by such heat or cold or by condensation as to prejudice the health or comfort of the crew. 

(k)                 Every ship for the time being regularly engaged voyages in the Tropics or the Persian Gulf shall be provided with awnings which will cover  : 

                                       (i) all exposed decks and house-tops situated immediately above any part of the crew
                                           accommodation :                                    

                                      (ii) all exposed sides of galleys situated on an open deck; 

(iii)                such portion of the deck spaces provided for the recreation of the crew in compliance with sub-rule (6) of rule 21 as will provide a shaded area  adequate in extent having regard to the number of persons in the crew and to any shade provided for such spaces by overhanging decks.   

The awnings shall  be supported by stanchions or by other suitable means.                       

                    (l)             There shall be no direct opening between the crew accommodation (other than recreation deck spaces ) and any space used as a store room for engine room stores or deck department stores.  The Central Government may exempt  any ship of under 500 tons form the  requirement of this  clause to the extent that  it is  satisfied that compliance therewith is impractical in   the circumstances. 

                  (m)             There shall be no direct opening between the crew accommodation  (other than recreation deck spaces) and  spaces used as :- 

(i)         permanent coal bunkers;

(ii)         oil fuel bunkers ;

(iii)   cargo or machinery spaces;

(iv)    lamp rooms or paint rooms;

(v)     store rooms not forming part of the crew accommodation (other than store rooms or engine room or deck department  stores);
(vi)    chain lockers ; or

(vii)       Cofferdams Provided that  there may be  a direct opening between machinery spaces and sanitary accommodation and changing room  provided  for the sole  use of offices and ratings of the engine room  department. 

            The  Central  Government may exempt any ship from the requirement of this clause in so for as  it relates to  a direct opening  between any passageway  forming part of the crew accommodation and any of the aforesaid  spaces. 

(n)     Subject to the  provisions of sub-rule (3) of rule 23, sub-rule (6) of rule 27 and sub-rule (16) of rule 31 there  shall be no direct opening between the crew accommodation (other than recreation deck spaces or passageways) and  any sanitary  accommodation, laundry or drying room ( whether or not such sanitary accommodation) Provided that nothing in this clause shall prohibit  direct  openings  between spaces forming  part of sanitary accommodation, or between spaces appropriated for use as laundries or drying rooms. 

            (o)        Any part of the crew accommodation which is adjacent to any part ( other than the crown) of a tank in which oil may be carried in bulk, shall be separated therefrom by a gastight steel division  additional to the division which retains the oil.  The Central Government may exempt  any ship from the requirement of this clause if it is satisfied that the division which retains the oil is likely to remain oil tight under service  conditions. 

            (p)        If any part of the crew accommodation is  situated  on a deck which forms the crown of a space in which oil  may be carried in bulk, such deck shall be oil tight.  No manholes or other openings to the oil tanks shall be situated in the crew accommodation.           

(q)      If any part of the crew accommodation is situated on a deck forming the crown of  a permanent coal bunker, such deck shall be gastight.              

(r)The means of access to and egress from every part of the crew accommodation shall be so situated  that  in the event of fire in any lamp room or paint room in the ship, access to and egress from the crew accommodation will not be impeded. 

10.     Heating . – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply, other than a ship employed or intended to be employed solely within the tropics or the Persian  Gulf, all sleeping rooms, mess rooms, recreation rooms, sanitary accommodation, officers, studies and hospitals forming part of the crew accommodation shall be provided with  a heating system which shall be permanently installed  and  capable of ensuring that when the ventilation system provided for such rooms or accommodation in compliance with  these rules is working so as to furnish at least 0.42 cubic meters of fresh air per minute for whom the room or accommodation is designed to accommodate at  one time and the temperature of  the open air is 1.20C, the temperature therein can be maintained at  19.40 C.  Provided that the  temperature within a water closet shall be required to be maintained at more than  12.20C. above the ambient  temperature in the open air. If the temperature within any water closet is capable of being so maintained by heat derived from an adjoining compartment, heating system shall not be required to be provided in  that water closet.              

         The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from the requirement of this sub-rule  if it is satisfied that the crew accommodation is fitted with shores which are properly installed and adequately guarded, or with other suitable means of heating. 

(2)  The permanent heating system required by the foregoing sub-rule shall be operated steam hot water or electricity or with  other suitable means of heating. 

(3)     The heating equipment shall be so constructed installed and, if necessary shielded as to avoid the risk of fire and not to constitute a source of danger or discomfort to  the crew.  In particular, means shall be provided, unless the  provision thereof is  unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances, by which without the use of a tool or key, the heat emitted by the radiator or other heating device fitted in any space can be turned on  and of and varied. The heating equipment shall be so constructed that  its operation is not affected by the use or non-use of any steering gear deck machinery calorifiers or cooking appliances in the ship. 

(4)     The heating system shall be in operation at all times when any members of the crew are living or working on board the ship and circumstances require its   use.  Provide that  while the ship is  in port the heating system shall not be required to be  in operation if efficient temporary means of heating are  provided for  such pars of the crew accommodation as are in us.  

11.  Lighting – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply every part of the crew accommodation, other than pantries, laundries drying rooms, lockers and storerooms, shall be properly lighted by natural light.  Provided that if in any space in a passenger ship  it is  impracticable to provide proper  natural lighting, such lighting shall not be required if adequate electric lighting is always available  in that  space.  The Central Government may exempt any ship from the requirement  of  this sub-rule in relation to the sanitary accommodation and passageways to the extent that it is satisfied that compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances.  

(2) The natural lighting of a sleeping room, mess room, recreation room or hospital ward shall be deemed to be proper for the purpose of this rule if it is sufficient to enable an ordinary newspaper to be  read by  a person of  normal vision at any point in the room, being a point available for free movement,  during day time and  in clear weather. 

               (3)      Every side scuttle in a sleeping room, mess room, smoking room or recreation room in the crew accommodation of a ship to which these rules apply, shall be capable of being opened.  Provided that  this sub-rule shall not apply to any side scuttle, in a passenger ship which  is required by any rule framed under the Act to be of a non-opening type. 

            (4)     In every ship of 3,000 tons or over every such side scuttle shall be at least 30.5 centimeters in diameter.  The Central Government may exempt any ship form the requirements of this sub-rule to the extent that it is satisfied that compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the  circumstance. 

            (5)     In every ship to which these rules apply, an electrical system shall be  installed which is capable of providing adequate lighting in every part of the crew accommodation. The electric lights shall be so arranged as to give the maximum befit to the crew, and in particular, an electric reading light  shall be fitted at the had of each bed and shall be capable of being switched on and off from the bed.  A lamp emitting at least 200 lumens shall  be fitted in every such  reading light in a sleeping room, and a lamp emitting at least  400 lumens shall be fitted in every such light in a hospital ward.  An efficient alternative system of lighting source of electric power shall be always available for lighting the crew accommodation.  The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from the requirements of this sub-rule if it is satisfied that compliances  therewith  is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances and that other suitable artificial lighting is provided in the crew accommodation.  

               (6)     (a)   In addition to any other lights required by these rules the spaces referred to in clauses (d) to (n) (both inclusive) shall be provided with the lighting therein  specified. 

            (b) The electric lighting of the spaces referred to in clauses (d) to (n) (both inclusive) shall be deemed to be adequate for the purposes of these rules, if when the lamp and paintwork are  new, the illumination in the horizontal plane when measured at the points and in the manner prescribed in clause (c) is steady and object to a tolerance of 10 percent is maintained at a value not less than that prescribed for every such space. 

                        (c) The points at which illumination shall be measured shall be as follows :- 

(i)         where a general measurement points are  prescribed for the illumination of a space, then measurements shall be  taken at every point midway between every 2 adjacent lamps and at every point midway between  every lamp and any position on any boundary of this space.  Provided always that where within any space a part of that space (being a part of that space available for  fee movement) is shaded from the direct rays of a lamp by a re-entrant  angle formed in the  boundary of the space, then the  central point of the part of  space so shaded shall also be general measurement point; and    

(ii)         where particular measurement points are also prescribed for a space, then measurements shall in addition be taken at every such point. 

         In all cases, measurements shall be taken at a height of 83.8 centimeters above the floor, except that in the case of passageways, companionways, and covered  recreation deck spaces, measurements may be taken either  at a height of 83.8 centimeters above the floor or at floor level, provided that  in the case of measurement taken at floor level, the reflection factor of the floor surface shall not be less than 40 percent .  Illumination of provision store rooms shall be measured when the rooms are empty.         

                     (d)  Sleeping Rooms and Day Rooms -21.53 lux immediately  in front of any drawer, bookcase, clothes  locker, wardrobe and toilet mirror.

 53.82 lux   at any wash-basin.

64.58 lux at any seat  at a writing desk or table, and at not less than half the remaining seats in a sleeping room provided for the use of more than  half the remaining seats in a sleeping room provided for the use of more than  one person. 

         For the purpose of this clause, reading lights at the heads of the  beds shall not be taken into account  in determining the  illumination of a space except in the  case of a sleeping room provided for the use of one person only.

(e) Mess Rooms--

21.53 lux at general measurement points.
53.82 lux at any table and sink. 

            (f)  Recreation and smoking  Rooms

            21.53 lux at general measurement points
            53.82 lux at the  recreation tables.
           64.58 lux at any seat at a writing position at a deck or table and at not less than
           half the  remaining seats. 

            (g)        Hospital Wards --

            21.53 lux at general measurement points.
            53.82 lux at any wash-basin. 

            In addition to the electric reading lamp required to be provided at the head of each bed in accordance with sub-rule (5), at last one fixed lamp shall be installed.  The portable electric lamp required to be provided by sub-rule (10) of rule 31 shall remit at least 600 lumens. 

            For the purpose of this clause, reading lights at the heads of beds shall not be taken into account in determining illumination except  in the case of a hospital ward provided for the use of one person only. 

(h)     Offices and Studies –
  21.53 lux immediately in front of any drawer and book-case.

                            86.11 lux at every  writing  position at a desk or table. 

(i)       Sanitary Accommodation (including sanitary accommodation in hospitals) –

     Water Closets :3229 lux in way of the pan.

     Shower spaces :21.53 lux in the center of the space.

     Wash Rooms and Bath Rooms : 32.29 lux at general measurement points.

     53.82 lux at any wash-basin or washing trough and at or near the had of any   
     bath. 

(j)       Laundries –

                                                    32.29 lux at general measurement points

                                                    53.82 lux at nay washing trough. 

(k)     Drying Rooms –

    21.53 lux in the  center of the  space. 

(1) Galleys (including Bakeries and Pantries)-

64.58 lux at working position.

            The lamps shall be so disposed as to ensure that the food preparation tables, the range top, the serving table, and the washing  up sinks receive the maximum amount of light.                       

                        (m) Provision Store Rooms--

                        Dry Store Rooms:

                        21.53 lux at general measurement points.

                        21.53 lux immediately in  front of shelving and any cupboard.

                        Cold Store Rooms: Half the standard prescribed for dry store room. 

                        (n) Passageways, Companionways and covered Recreation Deck Spaces- 
                         21.53 lux at general measurement points. 

            A lamp shall be placed at or near the head of  each stairway or ladder or hatchway and at or near doors  of any lockers provided for oilskins or working clothes. 

12. Ventilation – (1)  In  every ship to which these rules apply  the enclosed parts of the crew accommodation shall be ventilated by a system  which will maintain the air therein in a state of purity adequate for the health and comfort  of the crew.  Such system shall  be capable of being so controlled as to ensure a sufficiency of air movement under all conditions of weather and climate to which the ship is likely  to be subjected during the voyages on which she is intended to be engaged and shall be additional to any side scuttles, skylights, companions, doors or other apertures  not  intended solely for ventilation.  

(2)(a) Every enclosed space forming part of the crew accommodation of a ship to which thee rules apply being a space not fully  air-conditioned or not  ventilated by a trunked mechanical ventilation system, shall b provided with a natural system of inlet and exhaust ventilation.  Every inlet ventilation.  Every inlet ventilatator  situated in the open air shall be  of a cowl or other equally efficient type and shall be so situated that, as far as practicable, it is not screened form the wind  in any direction.  No such  ventilator shall be situated directly over a doorway, stairway exhaust opening or a bunk.                       

                  (b)        The sectional area of every part of the inlet and exhaust  system (other than a par  serving a drying room or locker) shall be at least 38.71 square centimeters for each person for whose use at any one time the space is appropriated and shall not be  less than 122.58 square centimeters in all at any point in the system.  The effective area of the inlet  and exhaust system serving each space shall be capable of being adjusted from fully open down to a minimum of the 19.35 square centimeters for each person likely to use  the space at any time.              

       (3) Every enclosed space other than a cold store room forming part of the crew accommodation of a ship to which these  rules apply, being a ship of 1000 tons or over or a ship of under 1000 tons regularly engaged on voyages confined to areas within  the tropics and Persian Gulf shall be provided with a trunked mechanical  ventilation system : 

         Provided that the Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from the requirement of this sub-rule.  

(4)     In the crew accommodation of every ship to which these rules apply, being a ship not fully air conditioned, an electric fan shall be fitted in every sleeping room, mess room, recreation room, study, office, Galley and pantry: 

Provided that the Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from the requirement of this sub-rule.” 

(5)  Power for the operation of the trunked mechanical ventilation system  or fans, as the case may be, required by the foregoing sub-rules shall  be available  at al times when any members of the crew are on board the ship and circumstances require such system or fans to be used.              

(6) The following spare gear shall be provided for each size   of electric, motor employed to operate a trunked mechanical ventilations system in the crew accommodation of a ship to which  these rules apply :-

            For direct current motors –

            1 armature

            1 field coil

            1 set of carbon brushes

            1 set of bearings

            1 brush holder.

For alternating current motors-

            1 set of stator, windings complete with insulation pieces 

            1 set of bearings  

                        The spare gear shall be properly packed for storage. 

12A. Air Conditioning --- (1) In every ship of 3000 tons or over, the keel of which was laid or which was at a similar stage of construction on  or after the date of coming into force of the Merchant Shipping (Crew Accommodation ) Amendment Rules, 1974, every enclosed space forming part of crew accommodation other than any store room shall be equipped with air-conditioning  system : 

            Provided that the Central Government may exempt any ship regularly engaged in trades, where temperate climatic conditions exist, from the requirement  of this sub-rule.                      

            (2)  The air conditioning system, whether of a centralized type or individual unit type shall be so designed as to -- 

(a)       maintain the air at a satisfactory temperature and relative humidity as compared to outside air conditions;

(b)       ensure a sufficiency of air charges in all air conditioned spaces; and

(c)       take into account  particular characteristics of operations at  sea so as to avoid producing objectionable noises or vibrations. 

            13. Drainage . –(1)  In every ship to which these rules apply efficient drainage by pipers or channels shall be provided for every part of the crew accommodation situated on an open deck wherever such drainage is necessary for clearing water shipped from the sea. 

            (2) There shall be no drainage from any source (not being sanitary accommodation) into the sanitary accommodation forming part of the crew accommodation. 

            (3) Every space appropriated for use as sanitary accommodation shall be served by one or more scuppers which do not serve any space other than sanitary accommodation.  The scuppers shall be at least 5.10 centimetres in diameter and shall be situated wherever water is likely to  collect on the floor of the space.  Provided that no scupper shall be required in washing  accommodation appropriated for the  sole use of one person. 

            14. Painting etc. – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply, the interior sides and ceilings of every part of the crew accommodation shall be covered will enamel paint or other suitable material.  The paint, enamel or other material shall be of good quality and white or light in colour. 

         (2) Lime wash or paint containing intro-cellulose shall not be applied to the crew accommodation. 

         (3) The wooden parts of the furniture and fittings in the crew accommodation shall be finished  externally with pain, varnish, polish or by other suitable means. 

         (4) All paints, varnish, polish and other finishes in the crew accommodation shall be capable of being easily kept clean and shall be maintained in good condition. 

15. Marking –(1) Every sleeping room forming part of the crew accommodation of a ship to which these rules apply, shall be marked inside  the room with the marking specified in Part I of the Forth Schedule.

            (2) Every space other than a sleeping room an open deck forming part of the crew accommodation of such a ship shall be  marked either inside the space or on or over  the door to such space with whichever of the  markings specified in Part II of the Forth Schedule is appropriate in the circumstances. 

            (3) All marking required by the foregoing provisions of this rule shall be in clear characters and in a really visible position on the ship’s  structure.  The markings shall be cut into the structure or otherwise  marked in an equally permanent manner. 

            (4)  No space forming part of the crew accommodation of a ship to which these rules apply , shall be marked whether inside or outside with any marking which may be taken to indicate that  the space is appropriated for use by persons differing in number of description from the persons for whose use the space has been certified by a surveyor. 

            (5)  If a place is used by seamen, the marking should be ‘Certified to accommodate ……………………….. Seamen “. 

            16. Sleeping Rooms.-------(1) In every ship to which these rules apply, unless the circumstances are  such that no members of the crew are required to sleep on board, sleeping rooms shall be provided for the crew in accordance with the following provisions of this rule.  

(2) (a) Each of the following classes of  persons shall be provided with sleeping rooms separate from those provided for the other classes. 

(i)       Offices .

(ii) Petty Officers.

(iii) Apprentices.

(iv) Ratings of the deck department  other than petty officers.

(v)  Ratings of the engine room department  other than petty offices.

(vi) Ratings of catering  department  other than petty offices.   

            (b)        Every watch of ratings shall be provided with sleeping rooms separate from those of other watches.  Day men  shall be provided with sleeping rooms  separate from those of watch keepers.              

            The Central Government may exempt any ship to the extent that it is  satisfied  tat compliance with the said requirement is unreasonable or impracticable by reasons of  the size of the ship from the requirement of this sub-rule.                       

               (3)     The maximum number of persons accommodated in sleeping rooms shall be  as follows : 

(a)               Officers in charge of a department, navigating and engineer officers in charge of a watch and first or only radio officers – 1 person per room.

(b)               Other Officers . – Wherever practicable 1 person per room and in no event,  more than 2 persons per room.

(c)               Apprentices . – Wherever practicable not more than 3 persons per room and in no event, more than 4 persons per room.

(d)               Chief or only steward and chief or only cook, in either case n a ship of 3, 000 tons or over regularly  employed otherwise than as home trade ship – 1 person per room.

(e)               Petty Officers not being persons referred to in clause (d). – Wherever practicable, 1 person per room and in no even,  more than 2 persons per room.

(f)                 Other ratings. – Not more than 3 persons per room in a cargo ship and not more than 6 persons  per room in a passenger ship; 

         Provided that the Central Government may, if it is satisfied, after consultation with  the owner of the ship or with such organization or organizations in  India  as  it may consider to be most representative of employers of seamen and of seamen, that full compliance of this  requirement is unreasonable or impracticable, permit upto four  persons to be accommodated in a cabin in any specified part of crew ship and upto eight persons in a cabin in any such accommodation of a passenger  ship. 

         The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 400 tons from the requirements of clauses (a) and (b) of this sub-rule. 

                                                                                                For a room                    Accommodating
                                                                                                Accommodating             two or more
                                                                                                One rating                     ratings

               (i) In ships other than passenger

               Ships of 1000 tons or over but                                     2.75 sq.                        2.75 sq.
               Less than 3000 tons                                                  metres                         metres 

               (ii) In ships other than passenger
                   ships of 3000 tons or over                                      3.75 sq.                        2.75 sq.
                   but less than 10,000 tons                                     
 metres                         metres 

               (iii)In ships other than passenger
                 ships  of 10,000 tons or over                                   4.25 sq.                        3.25 sq.
                  but less than 20,000 tons                                     metres                            metres. 

               (iv) In ships other than passenger                              4.75sq.                          3.75 sq.
                 ships of 20,000 tons or over                                    metres.                           Metres.              

               (v) In passenger ships of 1000                                        --                             2.0sq
                    tons or over but less than                                                                         metres.
                   3000 tons.              

               (vi) In passenger ships of
                    3000 tons or over but                                         3.25 sq.                        2.75 sq.
                    less than 10,000 tons                                     metres.                            metres. 

(b)     Subject to the provision of clause (c(, in every  ship to which these rules apply, if private sitting  rooms or day rooms are not provided, the per head floor area of a sleeping room for an officer shall be as follows :              

(i) In ships of 1000 tons or                        4.25 sq.                        --
    over but less than 3000                        metres.                         -- 

(ii) In ships of 3000 tons or                        6.50 sq.                        --
     over but less than 10000                      metres
     tons 

(iii) In ships of 10000 tons                          7.50 sq                         --
     or over 

                        (c)        In every ship of 3000 tons  or over, there shall, as far as practicable, be provided an adjoining  sitting room or a day room in addition to the sleeping  room for the Chief and Second Engineer.  Officer and the Chief Navigating Officer. 

                        (d)        In determining floor area of a room for the purpose of this sub-rule, spaces occupied by berths, lockers, seats or chests of drawers shall be taken into account  but any spaces which by reasons of their small size or irregular shape cannot accommodate furniture and do not contribute to the area available for free movement shall not be taken into account”. 

            17.   Beds—(1) Every sleeping room in the crew accommodation of a ship to which these rules apply, shall  be fitted with bed for each person accommodated  in the room. 

            (2)        The frame work of each bead and the lee-boards or lee-rails  thereof, if any, shall be constructed  of metal or other materials  which is hard and smooth and unlikely to become corroded.  The frame work shall be so made as not to be likely to harbour verm in.  In particular, if the bed is constructed with tubular frames, the  frames shall be completely sealed and without perforations. 

            (3)        There shall be unobstructed access to at least one side of each bed and unparticular, if the adjacent sides of two beds in the same room are parallel to each other or when projected make an angle of less than 900 with each other, the distance between those sides at any point shall not  be less than 76.20 centimeters if both beds are in single tier or 91.44 centimeters in any other case.              

               (4)  Where beds abut upon each other they shall be separated by screens made of wood or other suitable material. 

               (5) No bed shall be placed :- 

(a)     within 10.2 centimeters of ventilation trunk which may be used for circulating hot air ;or 

(b)     within 5.10 centimeters of a bulkhead of the ship’s side unless the bed is so supported and the room so constructed as to avoid harbouring dirt and  vermin in  or near the bed, to  enable the bedding to be kept clean and dry and to minimize the soiling of paintwork in way of the bed; or 

(c)     below any joint in an overhead water pipe or sanitary discharge. 

(6) Beds shall not be  arranged in tiers  of more than  two. 

               (7)     Beds placed along the ship’s side shall be in single tier except in a room in which there is no side scuttle.  The Central Government may exempt any ship from the requirements of this sub-rules, to the extent that  it is satisfied that the beds in the sleeping  room are clear of side scuttles and that the comfort of the crew will thereby be increased . 

(8) (a) No bed shall be less than 20.5 centimeters from the floor of the room measured from the  bottom of the matters referred to in  sub-rule (10). 

                         (b) The upper bed in a double tier shall be at least 76.20 centimeters below the  lower side of the
                          deck head beams or other obstructions measured from the bottom of the matters. 

               The bottom of the mattress in the lower bed shall be at last 91.44 centimeters below  the bottom of the  mattress in the  upper bed  if the  height of the sleeping room is 2.30 centimeters or more and at least 83.8 centimeters  below the bottom of the mattress in the upper bed if the height of the sleeping room is less than 2.30  centimeters.  For the  purposes  of this sub-rule the height of the  room shall be measured from the top of the floor beams to the  top of the crown beams. 

( c)  The Central Government may exempt ; 

                             (i)     any ship under 500 tons from any of the requirements of this sub-rules; 

    (iii) any ship from the requirements of clause (b) of the  sub-rule to the extent that  it is  satisfied that  it is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances to remove obstructions above the beds in the crew accommodation of that ship. 

   (9) (a) Subject to the  provisions of clause (b), the minimum size of beds provided for the crew shall be atleast 1980 millimeters.  the measurements by 800 millimeters, the measurements being taken inside  lee boards and lee rails, if any, and at right angles to each other.   

 (b)       The minimum size of beds provided in a ship of 3000 tons or over for the Chief Navigating   Officer and Chief and Second Engineers shall  be atleast 2000  millimeters by 900 millimeters in a passenger ship and  atleast 2000 millimeters by 1100 millimeters  in any other ship, the measurement in   each case being  taken inside the  lee boards or lee rails, if  any , at right angles to each other. 

               (10)  Every bed provided for  a member  of the crew shall be fitted with a spring bottom or spring  under mattress and  with a mattress made of material which  will resist damp and is unlikely  to harbour vermin.  A bottom of wood, canvass or other dust proof material shall  be fitted to every bed which is fitted above another bed. 

               18.  Furniture and fittings in sleeping rooms. – (1)  In every ship to which these rules  apply, every sleeping room for ratings other than petty officers shall be provided with the following  equipment :- 

(a)     for each person accommodated in the room :- 
   
  (i) One drawer having a capacity of at least 0.056 cubic meters; 

          (ii) One clothes locker or wardrobe, in either case at least 1.68 meters in height and  2032.25 sq. centimeters in  internal  area; the locker or wardrobe shall be fitted with a shelf not les than 23 centimeters and not more than 38.10 centimeters below  its top  and with fittings on which the clothes may be hung ; 

            (iii) At least one coat hook in addition to any coat hooks fitted in a locker or   wardrobe ; 

(b)     A table of fixed or drop leaf type or a desk, or a sliding leaf or top fitted to a chest of drawers ; 

(c)        Comfortable seats sufficient to accommodate at one time all the persons accommodated in the room.  Such seats shall be provided in addition to the beds in the room.  The Central Government may exempt any passenger  ship from the requirements  of this clause to the  extent  that it is satisfied that a lesser number  of seats in adequate in the circumstances ; 

                     (d)   A mirror  suitable for toilet purposes; 

                    (e)  A cabinet suitable for containing toilet requisites ; 

                    (f)   A book rack;              

                   (g)    A runner of jute, coir or other suitable material at one side of each be or
                           tier of beds, as  the case may be ; 

                    (h)  A curtain fitted to each bed, unless the room accommodates only one person; and 

                   (i)       A curtain fitted to each side scuttle, unless the side scuttle is fitted with blinds or jalousies.  

         (2) Sub-rule (1) shall apply to sleeping rooms for petty  officers at it applies to sleeping rooms for other  ratings, subject to the following modifications and additions :-           

(a)         For each person accommodated  in the  room a second drawer having a capacity of at least 0.056 cubic meters shall be provided in addition to the drawer referred to in clause (a) of sub-rule (1).

(b)         The clothes, lockers or wardrobes provided shall be made of hardwood . 

(c)         Each room shall be provided with :- 

(i) a rack suitable  for holding :- 

(a) one drinking water bottle; and

(b) one tumbler for each person accommodated in the  rooms.

             The rack may be  fitted inside the cabinet for toilet requisites.  Provided that a rack for holding a drinking water bottle shall  not be  required in any room  in which supply of drinking water is laid on; 

(ii) a wash basin of vitreous china or other  equally hygienic and  durable      material, which shall  be fitted  with an efficient and hygienic discharge  overside or to an enclosed tank with a suction pipe served by a mechanically operated pump  provided that a wash-basin shall not be required to be fitted  in a sleeping room for petty officers if  washing accommodation is readily  accessible from the sleeping room. 

            (3)        In every sleeping room in which more than one petty officer or other rating is accommodated, every drawer, locker and wardrobe shall be fitted with a secure lock or hasp for a padlock.  In every sleeping room in which only one petty officer or other rating  is accommodated the locker or wardrobe shall be fitted with such a lock or hasp. 

(4)        subject to the provisions of sub-rule (5) every sleeping room  or officers shall be provided with the following equipment :-  

               (a)     For each officer accommodated n the room--                       

               (i)      at least three drawers with a total capacity of 0.28 cubic metres or as near thereto as is practicable in  the circumstances; 

               (ii)      a wardrobe at least 1.68 metres in height and 2967.74 sq. centimeters in internal sectional area: 

   (iii)     at least two coat hooks, in addition to any coast hooks fitted in the    wardrobe; 

(b)A writing desk  fitted, if practicable, with drawers additional to the aforesaid drawers.

(c) A chair with arm rests;

(d)         A settee at least 1.83 metres in length or  as near thereto as may be practicable in the circumstances, provided that the Central Government may permit the settee  to be dispensed with – 

(i)if it is satisfied that a settee of adequate dimensions cannot be placed in the room without  interfering with the comfort of the occupants; or  

         (ii) in the case of a room which accommodates only one officer, if the Central Government has consulted such organizations as appears to it to be  representative  of the class of officer concerned and is satisfied that  a fully upholstered  easy  chair  with closed arms is provided in the room; 

(h)       A mirror suitable for  toilet purposes ; 

(i)         A cabinet suitable for  containing toilet requisites;

(j)         A rack suitable for  holding – 

                                             (i) one drinking water bottle, and
                                            (ii) one tumbler for each officer accommodated in the room.              

               The rack may be fitted inside the cabinet for toilet requisites. Provided that  a rack for holding a drinking water bottle  shall not be required in any room in which a supply of drinking water is laid on ; 

            (h)        A wash-basin of vitreous china or other equally hygienic and durable material, which shall be fitted with an efficient and hygienic discharge or       to an enclosed tank with a suction pipe served by a mechanically operated pump; provided that a wash basin shall not be  required to be fitted in a sleeping room if washing accommodation is readily accessible  therefrom ; 

            (i)         A splash plate or other means of protection for  the wall above the was basin, if any; 

            (j) A carpet runner of wool or similar material;

            (k) Curtains fitted to each bed, unless t he room accommodates only one officer;

            (l) Curtains fitted to  each side scuttle, unless the side scuttle is fitted with blinds or jalousies;

            (m) A book case n any room which accommodates a Chief officer, Chief Engineer or Second Engineer, or in the  case of a passenger ship a First  Radio Officer: and

            (n) A book case or book rack in rooms which accommodate  other officer. 

                        The Central Government may  exempt  any ship of under 400 tons from any of the requirements of clauses (a) and (b) and clauses  (k) to (n) inclusive, of this sub-rule to the extent that it is satisfied that  compliance therewith is unreasonable or  impracticable in the  circumstances. 

                        (5) Any of the equipment referred to in clauses (b), (c), (d), (m) and (n) of sub-rule (4) of this rule may be provided in a day room available for the sole use of the officers concerned, instead of in their sleeping rooms. Any of the equipment referred to in clauses.  

(k)       to (i) inclusive, of the said sub-rule may be provided in washing accommodation appropriated for the exclusive use of one officer instead of in the sleeping room of that officer. 

(6) Sleeping  rooms for apprentices shall , so far as in reasonable and practicable in the circumstances, be  provided with the equipment (other than a book case) referred to in sub-rule (4) of this rule. Provided that any of the equipment referred to  in clauses (b), (c) and (d) of the said sub-rule  may be provided  in a study for the sole use of  the apprentices instead of in their sleeping rooms. 

(7)Subject to the foregoing provisions of this  rule, all lockers, wardrobes, tables, desks, the  un-uph olsterd parts of chairs and  settees and similar furnishings provided in compliance with this rule shall be made of polished  hardwood rustproof metal or other smooth and  impervious material  not likely to crack, warp or become corroded.  All furniture  provided in sleeping rooms shall be so made as not  to be likely to harbour vermin readily removable for cleaning purposes . 

19. Mess Rooms—(1) In every ship to which these rules apply, unless the circumstances are  such as to require no member of crew to mess on board, mess rooms shall be provided for the  crew.  In every ship of 100 tons or over, the floor area of mess rooms  provided for officers and crew shall be as follows :-

             (a)        for Officers                     :           one square metre per person

             (b)        for crew                         :           0.7 square metre per person            

             (2)        No mess room shall be  combined with a sleeping room.  The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 300 tons  from the provisions of this sub-rule if it is satisfied that compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances. 

             (3)        In every ship of 500 tons or over, the mess rooms provided for ratings shall  be separate from those provided  for the Master of the ship of for offices. 

             (4)        In every  ship of 1,000 tons or over, a single mess room  shall be provided for all officers in the  ship.  Provided  that the officer may be accommodate ed in separate mess room if their sleeping room  are in widely separate portions of the ship.  

             (5)        In every ship of 1,000 tons or over, each of the following  classes of ratings shall be provided with mess rooms separate from those provided for the other classes :- 

(a)     petty officers of the  deck department ;

(b)     petty officers of the engine room department;

(c)     other ratings of the deck department:;

(d)     other ratings  of the engine room department.

               Subject to  the provision of  sub-rule (1) the Central Government may permit  the provision in any ship of complained mess rooms as follows :- 

                        (i)         for petty officers of the deck and engine room departments;

                        (ii)         for petty  officers  and other ratings  of the same departments;

                        (iii)        for all ratings ( other  than petty officers) of the deck and engine room department. 

               Subject as aforesaid, the  Central Government  may further  permit the provision in any  ship of  a single  mess room for all petty officers and  other  ratings of all departments, if it  is satisfied that  such an  arrangement is preferred either  by the owner of the ship or by an organization which appears  to the  Central Government  to  be most representative  of owners of  Indian ships, and by an organization which appears to it  to be most representative of the seamen.                

               (6)     In every ship of 3,000 tons or over with a catering department of more than 7 persons mess room shall be provided for ratings of the catering  department  which shall be separate  from those provided for  ratings of other  department, unless the Central Government  permits a combined mess room  fro petty officers and other ratings of  all  departments in accordance with the provisions of sub-rule (5). 

               If in any other ship a separate mess  room is not provided for ratings of the catering department messing accommodation shall be provided for them in mess rooms provided for other ratings. 

               (7)     Apprentices shall be provide  with messing accommodation  in the  offices mess room.              

               (8)     The Central Government may exempt any passenger ship from the requirements of this rule  to the extent that it is  satisfied that  compliance  therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances. 

            20. Furniture and Fittings in Mess Rooms – (1) Every mess room  forming part of the crew  accommodation in a ship to which these rules apply, shall  be provided with sufficient tables  to allow a space of at least 50.80 centimetres measured along the  edge of a table, for each person likely  to use the room at anyone time.  Each table  shall be at test 61.00 centimetres wide if seats are provided on both sides of the table, and at least 38.10 centimetres wide if  seats are provided only on one side of the table.  The table shall be of such size and  so situated as to be readily accessible. 

               (2)     Single chairs shall be provided in the  mess room for  each person using the room at any one time.  Such  chairs shall be fitted with arm rests unless  chairs with arm rests are available in a recreation room for  the persons using  the mess room.  Provided the settees  may be substituted  for chairs adjacent to a bulkhead or the ship’s side.  Such  settees  shall be at least 38.10 centimetres wide and shall be fitted with upholstered or padded seats covered  with material  impervious to dirt and moisture and shall be provided with comfortably shaped backs.   If  the mess room is appropriated for use  by offices or petty offices whether  or not together  with  other  ratings, the backs of the settees shall  also be padded or  upholstered and shall be  covered  with material  impervious  to dirt  and moisture. 

            (3)        Every mess room provided  for persons who do not provide their  own  food shall be fitted with either :- 

(a)     a storage locker or  rack in either case  capable of  holding sufficient mess utensils  for those persons, or

(b)     a storage locker at least 38.10 centimetres by 38.10 centimetres by 30.05 centimetrs in size for each  of those  persons. 

               Every mess room provided for  persons who provide  their own food shall be fitted with a storage locker for each  person which shall be of sufficient size to be capable of containing his mess utensils together with a supply of food sufficient for him for at least  7 days.  All storage lockers, provided in compliance with this  sub-rule  shall be adequately  ventilated, and  all storage  lockers provided for one person shall be fitted with a lock or hasp for a padlock, and shall be so fixed as to clear the floor by at least 30.5 centimetres. 

               Provided  that the  lockers or racks may be fitted in pantry, store room or other suitable place outside a mess rooms and readily accessible therefrom.  No lockers or racks, being lockers or racks intended to contain food, shall be fitted in a sleeping room, not being a sleeping  room combined with a mess room. 

               (4)     a dresser, hot press, sink and boiler or other means from which boiling drinking water shall always be available shall be  fitted in each mess room unless such equipment is fitted in each  mess room unless such equipment  is fitted in a pantry readily accessible from the mess room or, in the case of a ship of under 1,000 tons in a galley.  Such equipment shall be adequate in size for the number of persons likely to  use the  room at any one time.  If in the case of a mess room provide for  officers or petty officers the dresser is fitted in a pantry,  a side hoard shall be provided  in the mess room.  A supply of fresh water shall be laid on the sink and boiler.  The Central Government may exempt :- 

(a)       any ship of under 1,000 tons from the requirement of a  hot-press; 

(b)       any ship of under 500 tons from any of the requirements  of this sub-rule.

 

               (5)     All tables, lockers, dress and un-upholstered parts of chairs and settees  in the mess room  shall be  made of polished hardwood , rustproof metal or other smooth and impervious material  not likely to crack, warp or become corroded.  All furniture provided  in the mess room shall be so made as not to be likely to harbour vermin. 

               (6)  the Central Government  may exempt any passenger ship form the requirements of this rules  to the extent that it is satisfied that compliances therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances. 

               21.  Recreation Spaces and Studies –(1) In every ship to which these rules apply, being a ship of 3,000 tons or over employed  other wise than  on a home trade voyage, a smoking room shall be provided  for the recreation of the offices, and  shall not be combined with a mess  room.  The smoking room shall be provided with tables each having a top approximately 37.16 sq.  decimeters in area and with tub chairs or easy chairs sufficient to accommodate at one time at least one third of the number of offices for whose use the room is provided and a book case. 

               (2)     In every ship to which  these rules apply, being  a home trade ship of 300 tons or over or a ship of under 3,000 tons regularly employed otherwise  than as home trade ship, the  mess room provided for the  officers shall  be available and furnished for use as a smoking room, unless a separate smoking room is provided  for their use. 

               (3)     In every  ship to which  these rules apply, recreation accommodation shall be provided in a mess room or elsewhere for ratings and shall be conveniently  situated and appropriately  furnished.  Where such accommodation is provided elsewhere than in a mess room, the seating provided shall  be sufficient to accommodate at one time at least one third of the number of ratings for whom that accommodation is provided.  

               (4)     If more than two apprentices are  accommodated in one sleeping room in a ship to which  these rules apply, a separate room shall be provided  in the ship for their use as study, unless another  suitable place is available to them for purpose of study. 

               (5)     In every  ship to which these  rules apply, being  a ship of 500 tons or over a book case shall be provided for and shall be accessible to all members of the crew. 

               (6)     In every ship to which these rules apply, space shall be  provided on an open deck for the use of the crew of recreational purposes.  The space shall  be adequate in area ( in so far as the size of the ship allows ) having  regard to the number of persons in the crew. 

               (7)     In every  ships of 10,000 tons or over to which these rules  apply there shall  be provided  the following recreation  facilities, namely :- 

               (i)      arrangement for showing  films or television in a smoking room, library        room  or a mess room properly equipped for the purposes;

                           (ii)      a hobby-cum-games ; room

                           (iii)     a swimming pool : 

               Provided  that  the Central Government  may exempt any ship from the requirement of this sub-rule if  it is satisfied  that  compliance  therewith is unreasonable or  impracticable.              

               Provided further that in the case of ships under 20,000 tons, the requirement  of clause (ii) shall not be obligatory. 

               22. Office Accommodation – In every ship to which these rules apply, being  a ship of 3, 000 tons or over, two separate rooms shall be provided for use as office and shall be furnished for that purpose.  One of such rooms shall be appropriated for use by the Chief Officer, or the officers of the deck department, and the other for use by the Chief  Engineer or for the Officers of the engine room department.   The office accommodation shall be in a room not used for any other  purpose except study.  Provided that an office appropriated solely for use by an individual officer may be combined with the  day room of that officer.  

               23.  Washing Accommodation . –(1) In every ship to which these rues apply, each of the following classless of persons shall be provided with washing accommodation separate from the provided for the other classes :-

(a)     officers and apprentices ;

(b)     petty offices;

(c)     ratings other  than petty officers. 

               Provided that the Central Government may , in relation to  any ship, permit any combination of the  foregoing classes to  be  treated as one class for the purposes of this rule, if it is satisfied that the circumstances  so require . 

               (1A)   In every ship to which these rules apply, being a ship of 7500 tons or over  being less  than 15,000 tons, washing accommodation provided in pursuance of sub-rule (1) shall included separate provide bath room attached to sleeping rooms of atleast four senior officers. Every such bath room shall be fitted with a tube of shower bath or both  and a wash  basin having hot and cold running fresh water.  In addition, in every ship of 15000 tons or over, sleeping rooms of all senior offices shall have private or intercommunicating bathrooms similarly fitted. 

               (2)     The washing accommodation shall be situated close to the sleeping accommodation of persons for whose use it is appropriated: 

               Provided that in ships of 1600 tons or over in which private  sleeping rooms and private or semi-private bath-rooms are not provided for engine department personnel, there shall be provided facilities for changing clothes which shall be –              

                            (i)      located outside the machinery space but with easy access to it; and 

               (ii)      fitted with individual clothes lockers as well as with tubs of shower baths an wash basins having  hot and cold running fresh water. 

               (3)  Access to  washing accommodations shall not be directly obtained from a mess room or a sleeping room and shall wherever reasonable and profitable in the  circumstances be  obtained from a passageway.  Provided that access to washing accommodation may be  obtained directly from not more than 2 sleeping rooms accommodating  not more than 4 persons in all, if the washing accommodation is appropriated for use  solely by the person of persons incommoded in those sleeping rooms. 

               (4) Subject to the provisions of  sub-rule (IA), washing accommodation for all classes of  persons  provided in pursuance of sub-rule (1) shall include one  batch or shower, one wash basin and one toilet mirror for every six persons or apart thereof exceeding two persons in the case of a ship less  than 2500 tons and the same  equipment of every four persons or a part thereof exceeding one person in the case  ships of 25000 tons or over : 

            Provided that each of such classes shall be provided with at least one bath or shower  and one wash basin :              

                        Provided further that Central Government may exempt any passenger ship engaged solely on voyages which are normally of less than  four hours duration  or any other ship in which are normally of less than 100 from the requirement of  this sub-rule if it is satisfied that compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable. 

               EXPLANATION OR the purposes of this sub-rule – 

               (i)      a bath and a shower combined shall be deemed as a bath only;              

   (ii)      in determining the  required number of baths or showers or wash basins no account shall be taken of any private  baths or showers or wash basins provided in pursuance of these rule or of persons for whose  use such baths or showers or wash basins are provided: 

   (iii)     a bath, shower or wash basin shall be deemed to be private if it is appropriate for the  exclusive use of not more than four persons. 

               (5)     Tee wash-basins shall be made of vitreous  china or other  martial having a smooth and impervious  surface  not likely to crack, flake or become corroded.  Every wash-basin provided in a passenger ship, being basin fitted with hot and cold fresh-water taps, shall have a capacity of at least 4.55 liters. Every other wash-basin provided in compliance with the rule shall have a capacity of at least  6.82 liters. The capacity of wash-basins shall be measured for the purpose of this sub-rule to a level at least 3.75 centimeters below  the rim of the bowl. 

               (6)     Every bath shall be at least  1.35 metres in internal length unless it is combined with a shower. Every bath shall be made of vitreous  enameled iron, or other  material having  a smooth  and  impervious  surface not likely  to crack, flake or become corroded.  The  floor area of every shower space shall be at least 0.58 sq.  metres and each side of the space shall be at least 76.20 centimetres long. 

               (7)     Baths and showers provided for any class of persons shall be situated in or adjacent to a room containing wash-basins and provided for that class of persons. Screening shall be provided  to ensure privacy for any bath or shower which is in  the same room as any wash basin or any other bath or shower unless the room is appropriated for the sole use of one person.  The screening shall be made of robust and opaque material, and shall be rigid on at least three sides of every bath and shower space.  The screening shall, wherever reasonable and practicable in the circumstances,  enclose sufficient space to permit a person to dress and undress in comfort therein.  

               (8)     Every wash-basin, bath and shower shall be fitted within efficient and hygienic discharge system and in particular, the  waste pipes shall be fitted in  manner which will  minimize the risk of obstruction and facilitate  cleaning.  Every shower space shall be provided with a handrail, a kerb and individual drainage.  Every bath and shower space shall be provided with a grating or mat. 

               (9)     Spring – loaded draw off taps  for hot and cold fresh water shall be fitted on a wall in  every wash room provided  for ratings unless taps for hot and cold fresh water are fitted to each wash-basin in that room.  Draw-off taps for cold salt water shall  be fitted in every  such  wash room unless there are other adequate means of washing down the  room.  The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from the requirements of this sub-rule relating to hot water  taps to the extent that it is satisfied that  compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the  circumstances.   

               (10)    Nothing in this  rule shall apply to the  washing accommodation forming part of a permanent hospital, and for the purposes of sub-rule (4) thereof no account shall be taken of any wash-basin, bath or shower  fitted  in a permanent hospital. 

               24. Supply of water to washing accommodation .—(1)         In every ship to which these rules apply, there shall be available a supply of fresh  water sufficient for the was-basins, baths and showers fitted in compliances with  these rules. The supply shall be  provided from tanks of a capacity of at least 45.46 litres  for each member of the crew  for  each day likely to  elapse between successive  replenishments of the  water or by other  equally efficient means.  If service tanks are fitted for that purpose they  shall be directly connected with the ship’s main washing water or drinking water storage tanks.  In ships of 1,000 tons  or over any pumping necessary for the supply of fresh water shall be mechanical power. 

               (2)     Hot and cold fresh water shall be laid on to all wash basins, baths and showers fitted in compliance with these rules; Provided  that -- 

(a)     in the case of a bath and shower combined, hot and cold fresh water shall be required to be laid on only to the bath or the shower; and

(b)     hot and cold fresh water shall not be required to be laid on  to wash-basins provided for the sole use of  ratings if it is  laid on to spring-loaded draw-off taps in the same room in accordance with sub-rule (9) of rule 23. 

Old fresh water shall be laid on to any wash –basins which are additional to those required by these rules and are  fitted in  sleeping  rooms. 

               (3) The hot fresh water  shall be at a constant  temperature of  at least 65.5C and shall  be supplied by thermostatically controlled clarifiers or by other  equally safe and efficient means.  Every shower  bath shall be provided with an anti-scalding mixing  valve  which shall be adjusted so that the temperature of the  shower-water (whether salt or fresh) can be varied by the person using a shower   over  the range of temperatures and a temperature of between 350 C and 40.50C. 

               (4) The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from the requirements of this  rule relating to the supply hot water to the extent that it is satisfied that  compliance therewith  is unreasonable or impracticable in the  circumstances. 

               25. Supply of Drinking Water :- (1) In every ship to which these rules apply, a supply of drinking water shall be provided in the crew accommodation from tanks of an adequate capacity for the purpose from tanks of an adequate capacity for the purpose  having regard to the number of persons in the crew and the  time likely to elapse between  successive  replenishments  of the water or by other equally efficient means.  If service tanks are fitted for that purpose they shall be directly connected with the ship’s , main drinking  water  storage tanks.  In ship of  3,000 tons or over, any pumping necessary for the supply of drinking water  in the crew  accommodation shall be by mechanical power. 

               (2)     Cold drinking water shall be laid on to taps in the galleys and pantries, and in the  mess rooms provided for those members of  the crew of whose use and service pantries are not  provided. 

               (3) In every ship to which these  rules apply being a ship of 1,000 tons  or over means shall be provided  whereby the crew  shall obtain access to drinking  water  which  has been cooled by passing through a cooling – tank or by other  suitable means  

               26.  Laundry Facilities, etc. – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply, being  a ship of 500 tons or over, washing troughs  or other  suitable facilities shall be provided to enable the crew to wash their clothes, and shall be adequate in size  and sufficient in number  for  that  purpose.  Such  troughs  shall be made of or coated  with hygienic and  durable material  having  a smooth  and impervious surface not  likely to  crack, flake or  become corroded.  The troughs or other facilities shall be situated in a room appropriated for use only as a laundry.  Provided that the troughs or other facilities may be situated in the crew’s washing accommodation in the provision of a separate laundry is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances.  The troughs or other facilities shall be provided with an adequate supply of hot and cold fresh water and shall be so arranged as to discharge overboard or into an enclosed tank served  by a mechanically operated  suction pump.  

                        (2) In every ship to which these rules apply, rooms for drying the crew’s clothes  shall be provided and shall  be separate from sleeping rooms, mess rooms, recreation rooms, offices, store rooms, galleys, pantries and hospitals and  shall  be fitted with racks or rods with sufficient  space  having  regard  to the number  of  persons in the crew and the duration of the voyages on which  the ship is  intended to be engaged.  The heating of such rooms shall be capable of being controlled independently of the  heating of any other space in the ship.  The exhaust ventilation of such rooms shall be independent of the ventilation of such rooms shall be  independent of  the ventilation of all other  spaces unless it is provided  by a trunked mechanical ventilation system.  Provide that in ship of under 500 tons drying cabinets or other suitable facilities may be substituted for a drying room. 

               (3) In every ship to which these rules apply, adequately  ventilated compartments or lockers shall be provided for hanging  oilskins and working clothes used  by the crew.  Separate compartments or  lockers shall be provided for officers and ratings.  The compartments or lockers shall be situated outside the sleeping  rooms of the crew in a  position readily accessible therefrom.  The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from any of  the requirements of this sub-rule. 

               27. Water Closets —(1) In every ship to which  these rules apply, each of the following classes of  the following  classes  of persons shall be provided  with  water  closets separate form  those  provided for the other classes :- 

(a)     officers and apprentice ;

(b)     petty officers ;

(c)     ratings, other than petty officers 

               Provided that the  Central Government may, in relation to any ship, permit any combination of the foregoing classes to be treated as one class for the purposes of this rule it is satisfied that the circumstances so require. 

               (1A)   In every ship of 7500 tons or over but of less than 15000 tons, there shall be provided private water  closets  attached to sleeping  rooms of at least four offices and in the case of ships of 15000 tons or over witch water closets shall be provided in respect of sleeping rooms of all senior officers ; 

               Provided that such private water closets may be combined with private batch rooms. 

               (2) (a)  Subject to the provisions of sub-rule.  (1A) water  closers for all classes of persons provided in pursuance of  sub-rule (1) shall be at the scale of one water closet for every six persons or part thereof exceeding two persons in the case of a ship of under 25000 tons and one such closet for every four persons or a part thereof exceeding one person in the case of a ship of 25000 tons or over : 

               Provided that each of such classes shall be provided with at least one water closet : 

               Provided  further  that Central Government may exempt any passenger ship engaged solely  on voyages which are normally of less than 4 hours duration from the requirement of this sub-rule if it is satisfied  that compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable. 

               EXPLANATION :-  For the purposes of this sub-rule— 

(i)in determining the number of water closets no account shall be taken  of any private water closet or the persons for whose use such private water closet is  appropriated;  

(ii) a water closet shall deemed to be private if it is appropriated for the exclusive use of not more than four persons; 

               (b)     In addition to the water closets required by clause (a) three shall be provided such number of water closets, if any, as is required to increase the total number of water closets provided  for the crew to the following scale :- 

               In ships of 500 tons and over but under 800 tons                        3

               In ships of 800 tons and over but under 3,000 tons                     4

               In ships of 3,000 tons and over                                                 6 

               (c) In determining the number of water closets required by this sub-rule no account shall be taken of any water closet forming part of a permanent hospital.  

               (3)     The water closets shall be  situated close to the sleeping rooms of the persons for whom they are provided, and in particular, a water closet shall be situated close to he sleeping rooms of any radio offices  in the crew if such sleeping room are in a position  remote from other sleeping rooms. 

               (3A) (a)  In every ship of 1600 tons or over there shall be provided a separate compartment containing a water closet and a washbasin having hot and  cold running fresh water, within easy access of the navigating bridge deck primarily for use of those on duty in that area.  

               (b)In every such ship, there shall also be  provided a water closet and a wash basin having hot and cold running fresh water, within  easy access of machinery spaces if such water closet is not fitted near engine room control center. 

               (4) If the  entrance to a water  closet is from an open deck the entrance shall, if practicable, be  properly screened. 

               (5)  If the means of entry  into water closets forming part of  the crew accommodation is from a passageway leading to other parts of the crew accommodation, a lobby shall be provided at the entrance of the water closet, or where a lobby  is not practicable a self closing door between a water closet and a passageway shall  be close fitting and without apertures.  The Central Government  may exempt any ship from the requirement that  the doors shall be close fitting and without apertures to  the extent that  it is satisfied that the exhaust ventilation arrangements from the water closet render compliance therewith unnecessary. 

               (6) Access to water closets shall not be obtained directly from a mess room or sleeping room. Provided that  access to a water closet may  be obtained directly from not more than two sleeping rooms together  accommodating not more than four persons.  If the a persons so accommodated are three  or four in number, the  water closet  pedestal shall be  so screened as to ensure privacy   . 

               (7) Every water closet shall  be completely enclosed by bulk-heads and shall be provided with exhaust ventilation directly to the open air  or to another  water  close which is provided with ventilation directly to the open air.  Provided that  a water closet may be  separated by a partition consisting of   steel or other opaque and rigid material open at top and bottom from – 

(a)     another water closet,

(b)     a urinal, or

(c)     washing accommodation if the water closet is served by a trunked mechanical ventilation system which effectively removes odours therefrom. 

               (8)     Every water closet shall be so constructed as so to facilitate cleaning and to harbour dirt or vermin 

               (9) Subject to the provisions of sub-rule(10)  of this rule every water closet shall be provided with the  following :-  

(a)     a water  closet pedestal of single type with – 

                                   (i) a pan of white vitreous  china or other  suitable material ;

                                  (ii) a seat of polished hardwood or  other suitable material with an opening of 10.2
                                  centimetres at the front ;

                                 (iii) a trap  with  a metal  inspection plate; and

         (iv) an efficient  ventilator connected to the out let;              

(b)     an adequate flush of water , which shall be always available and supplied through  self-closing non-concussive supply valves with a portable seating in metal which is not likely to become corroded; 

(c)     a soil  pipe  not less than 10.2 centimetres in diameter  so constructed as to facilitate cleaning and minimize the risk of obstruction ; the pipe shall have a direct overboard outfall fitted with a strom-valve, unless sit is connected with a main sewage outfall by an efficient and hygienic system; 

(d)      a device for holding toilet paper; 

(e)     a hand rail or grip. 

               (10) Every water closet provided for the exclusive use of ratings may be grouped into batteries and shall be  designed and  equipped  in a manner suited to their habits and customs, and in particular, shall be provided  as follows : 

(a)        Each battery of water closets may consist of any number of separate compartments contained in properly constructed steel  house with a minimum height of 1.98 metres from top of foot holds to the under side of beams.

(b)        The separate compartments in each battery shall be not  less than 1.14 metres in length by 91.44 centimetres in width.  Each such compartment shall have a separate entry fitted with a door with two shutters opening inwards which can be secured from the inside.  The door  need not extend to the full height of the compartment,  but it shall not be less than  1.37 metres in height and 61.00 centimetres in width and the vertical height of the opening  at the bottom shall not exceed 10.2 centimetres. The divisional bulk-heads between the compartments should  extend to a height of  within 30.5 centimetres should  extend to a height of within 30.5 centimetres of the deck overhead and may also be opened at the bottom to the  same extent and should be fitted with suitable hand grips.  There shall  be an enclosed passageway  leading to the compartments of not less than 76.20 centimetres in breadth. 

(c)        Where convenient the floor of the compartment shall be raised to a height level with the top of the pan by means of a  filling  of cement or other  similar material, or any other  equivalent arrangement.  If this method is adopted, the floor shall  have  al light  declivity on all sides running down  towards the pan. 

(d)        Every compartment  shall be properly ventilated to the satisfaction of   the  surveyor by means of ventilators of  such openings as will not  interfere with privacy. 

(e)        Adequate lighting, either natural or electric, shall be provided to the satisfaction of the Surveyor, at all times during day and light. 

(f)          The pans shall preferably be made of white vitreous  china or other suitable material.  They shall  be of an approved pattern complete  with foot holds designed to prevent shipping.  The orifice at the top  of the pan shall be not less than 41.85 centimetres in length and  not less than 23 centimetres in width.  The pan shall be placed as low as practicable. 

(g)        An arrangement which automatically flushes  the pan at intervals not exceeding 5 minutes and a continuous trickle of water.  

(h)        A soil pipe such as is referred to in clause (e) of sub-rule 9) provided with a metal inspection plate and sufficient ventilation. 

(i)          Each battery shall be provided with a tank to supply fresh water from the service stands for ablution purposes. 

               The Central Government may exempt any ship from the requirements of this sub-rule if it is satisfied that the  water closet  provided  for the aforesaid ratings  comply with the requirements  of sub-rule (9) of this rule and have been properly adapted so as to be suited to their habits and customs. 

               (11) The provisions of this rule shall not apply to water closets forming part  of a permanent hospital. 

               28. Galleys. – (1)  Every ship to which these rules apply, shall be provided with a galley of the preparation of food for the crew, unless the circumstances are such that no members of the  crew are required  to mess on board.  

               2. The galley shall be  situated as near as may be to the mess rooms provided for the crew and any necessary equipment shall  be provided to enable food to be served in the mess rooms under all weather conditions. 

               3. The galley shall  be situated  in a position which will prevent as far as is practicable, the  entry into the galley of coal dust from cold chutes or bunker hatchways. 

               4.      There  shall be no direct opening between the galley and any sleeping room.  The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from the requirements of this sub-rule. 

               5.      Any galley situated on an open deck shall be provided with weather doors which are horizontally divided into halves, so that  the upper half can be opened independently of the lower  half, if such a division is necessary for the lighting, ventilation or privacy of the galley or for the service of food therefrom. 

               6.      Every galley, shall so far as is reasonable and practicable be lighted by natural lighting from all the sides and from overhead. 

               7.      Every galley, shall be provided  with at least three fixed points for artificial  lighting, one  of which shall be situated close  to a cooking range required by this rule.  The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 1,000 tons from the requirements of this sub-rule. 

               8.      If the galley is situated on an open deck, openings shall be cut in the sides and ends of the galley  for ventilation purposes and shall be fitted with dust-tight  shutters made of steel or other suitable material and permanently attached to the structure of the galley.  The Central Government may exempt any ship from the requirements of this sub-rule if it is satisfied that  compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances. 

               (9)     Every galley shall be provided with exhaust fans which will draw off fumes from the cooking appliances therein and discharge the fumes into the open air.  The Central Government may exempt from the requirement of this sub rule - 

(a)     any ship of under 1,000 tons;

(b)     any other ship, if the Central Government is satisfied that the galley is so situated  that  galley  is so situated that  the fumes therefrom can discharge  only into the open air. 

               (10) The floor of the galley shall be provide with gutters and with scuppers which shall be led overboard or to an enclosed tank served by mechanically operated suction pump. The position and number of the gutter and scuppers shall be such as will ensure the efficient drainage of the floor. 

               (11)    The cooking appliances  in the galley shall be arranged in a manner which  will facilitate the cleaning of the galley. 

               (12) All cupboards and dressers in the gally shall be made of material which is impervious to dirt  and moisture and  can easily be kept clean.  All metal parts of the cupboards and dressers shall be rustproof. The cupboards and dressers shall be so made as not to be likely to  harbour dirt  or vermin.  The bottoms  of all  cupboards and dressers in the galley shall either be flush with the deck or shall be so fitted as to enable the deck space beneath them to  be readily accessible for cleaning. 

               (13) Every galley shall be provided with such equipment as will enable food  in sufficient quantity to be properly and readily prepared for the persons whom the galley is intended to serve, and the cooking  utensils to be hygienically cleaned. 

               (14)    Without  prejudice to the generality  of the last preceding sub-rule :- 

(a)     Every galley shall be provide with one or more cooking appliances with :- 

(i)                         a total oven capacity, suitable for roasting and baking of a least 7078.7 cubic centimeters, and  

(ii)                       an area of range top-plat or boiling table, amounting to at least 309.68 sq. centimeters for each person whom the  galley is intended to serve.  The Central Governments  my exempt any ship from any of the requirements of this sub-clause in so far as they relate to cooking  appliances in galleys intended to serve more than 60 persons, or to the area of any top-plate or boiling table in which elecitricty or heat-storage is employed or  to the area of any appliance which  the  Central Government is satisfied is of unusual design; 

(b)     Every galley shall be provided with at  least the number  of ovens and fire-grates  specified  in the following table :-

Number  of persons who the galley                               Number of                    Number of
is intended to serve                                                     ovens                          fire-grates
_______________________________________________________________________________

 

Not more than 20                                                           1                                  1 

More than 20, but not more than 30                                2                                   1 

More than 30, but not more than 60                                2                                  2 

More than 60                                                                3                                  2

             Provided that no fire-grate shall be required in a galley fitted only with electric or gas cooking appliances .  the Central Government may exempt any ship from the requirements of a second fire grate if it is satisfied that adequate heat  is radily available from one fire-grate and that adequate provision of spare parts is made of such grate and for any equipment necessary for its proper operation. 

(c)     The top plate of every  cooking  range shall be at a height which will enable  it to be conveniently used by a person of normal height standing on the floor of the galley, unless a separate boiling  table is provided at a such height. 

               The Central  Government may exempt any ship from any of the requirements of this  sub-rule, if it is  satished that compliance therewith is unnecessary by  reason of the  voyages on which the ship is intended to be  engaged or the habits and customs of the persons whom the galley is intended  to serve. 

                (15) Salt water taps shall not be fitted over a sink in any galley or other place in which food may be prepared for  the crew. Hot and cold fresh water shall be laid on to a sink in the galley of r washing-up purposes.  A connection shall be provided  on a water  pipe within the galley and shall be suitable for connection of hose with which the floor may be scoured.  

               29. Dry Provision Rooms – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply, no being in ship in which each member of the crew provides his own food, one or more  store rooms shall be provided for the storage of dry provisions for the  crew.  Such rooms shall be fitted with sufficient shelve, cupboards and bins having regard to the maximum period likely to elapse between  successive  replenishments of stores and to the maximum number  of persons for  whom food  is to  be served. 

               (2) Every dry  provision  store room shall be enclosed by bulkheads constructed of steel or other suitable material. 

               (3) Access to every dry provision store room shall be obtained from a passageway, galley, pantry or another store room, or from a position on an open deck with, in so far as is reasonable and practicable in the circumstances, shall be a proteted  position. 

               (4)     Every dry provision  store room shall be so situated, constructed and  ventilated as to avoid deterioration of the stores through heat,  draught, condensation or infestation by insects or vermin. 

               (5)     Without prejudice to the  generality of the foregoing sub-rule no dry provision store  room shall be situated over a boiler room or any other space in which heat is generated, or shall adjoin a galley or machinery casing.  The Central Government may  exempt  any ship from the requirements  of this sub-rule if it is satisfied that compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances, and  that the dry provision store room is adequately insulated. 

               (6) No part of a dry provision store room shall be used for the storage of bedding or textiles. 

               30.Cold store rooms and Refrigerating Equipment – (1) In every ship to which these rules apply, refrigerating equipment and cold store rooms shall be provided and shall be, having regard to the period  likely  to elapse  between successive replenishment of stores, adequate for  the storage  of perishable provisions for  the crew. The Central Government may exempt any ship of under  1,000 tons from the requirements of this sub-rule if it is satished that the ship is provided with adequate alternative equipment for the storage  of perishable provisions. 

   (2) Access to every cold store room shall be obtained from a passageway, galley or pantry or from another store room. 

   (3) Refrigerating  machinery in which methyl chloride is intended to be used (whether or not intended to cool any space in the crew accommodation) shall not be situated in  the crew  accommodation except  in a store room or in a space appropriated solely  to that machinery.  The store room or other space in which the machinery is  situated shall be so constructed as to be gastight  where it abits upon other parts of the crew accommodation and shall be adequately ventilated by at  least two ventilators to the open air, one of which shall be fitted with a exhaust fan and shall have its inlet near  the  bottom of the room or space.  The motor of the fan and the electrical connections thereto shall  be enclosed in a spark-proof case.  Access to such  store room or space shall wherever practicable, be by means of a hinged  door from an open deck.   If the door cannot be arranged otherwise than to open on to a passageway or other space frequented by members of the crew, the door shall be spring-loaded, jointed and  gastight. 

   (4)     Every exposed pipe which may  contain methyl chloride for other toxic  or inflammable gas shall be adequately  protected from damage. 

   31. Hospitals – (1) Every ship to  which these rules apply being a ship (other than a tug) which is intended to be at sea on any occasion for a continuous  period  of more than 3 days with a crew  of 15 or more persons, shall  be provided with a space appropriated for use as a permanent hospital for the crew.  The space so appropriated shall not at any time be used for any purpose other  than for the treatment of sick persons.  The Central Government may exempt from the requirement of this  sub-rule any ship engaged only on the coasting trade of  India

   (2) In every other ship to which these rules apply,  a room shall be appropriated for use, when necessary, as a temporary hospital. It shall  not  be used for any purpose other  than the treatment of sick persons. The Central Government may exempt any ship sub-rule if it is satisfied that  compliance therewith is unnecessary in the circumstances.  

  (3)      Every hospital, whether permanent or temporary, shall be situated in a position which will ensure the grated possible quiet and comfort for the patients.  The hospital shall  be readily accessible, and in case of a ship not carrying a duly qualified medical  practitioner or dulv qualified  nurse exclusively so employed  as a member of the crew, shall  be so situated as to be easily accessible from the sleeping accommodation of the Master of the  ship or of a person appointed  by the Master to take charge of the patients.  The hospital shall be so situated as to  facilitate the proper  treatment of patients  in all weathers. 

   (4)     The minimum width  of the entrance to every permanent  hospital shall be 76.20 centimetres or as near thereto  as is practicable in the circumstances.  The hospital shall  be so arranged that a stretcher can easily be carried into the hospital and placed alongside at least one single-tier bed therein. 

  (5)      The floor- covering in every  permanent hospital shall as far as is practicable, be free as is practicable, be free from joints. 

   (6)     Every permanent hospital  shall include a hospital ward fitted on at least two side  scuttles at least 30.5 centimetres in diameter.  The side scuttles shall be capable of being opened and of as large a size as is practicable, may be substituted for a side scuttle on one side  of the ward.  All side scuttles in the hospital, and any sky-light  therein  which is exposed to the  direct rays of the sun shall be provided  with curtains, blinds or jalousies.  The Central Government may exempt from the  requirements of this sub-rule :-- 

   (a) any ship of under 1,000 tons;  

(c)     any other ship, if it is  satisfied that the permanent hospital therein is fully air-conditioned or served by a trunked mechanical ventilation system. 

(7) (a) In addition to a  trunked mechanical ventilation system provided in accordance with rule 12 or an air-conditioning  system provided in accodancee with 12A, every permanent  hospital  shall be provided  with adequate natural supply and exhaust ventilation to the  open air by means of ventilators independent of the  ventilators provided for any  other space in the ship; 

         Provided that the Central Government may exempt any ship from this requirement if it is  satisfied that  compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstance. 

         (b) In every ship        

         (i) which does not attract the provisions of rule 12A; 

         (ii) the keel of which was laid or which was at a similar stage of  construction on the  1st day of January, 1967; and 

         (iii) which is intended to be employed, whether permanent or temporarily, on voyages to, from or within  Persian Gulf area-- 

hospital  accommodation shall be provided with air conditioning  system.  The air-conditioning system  provided  under this  rule shall, as far as practicable, comply with the requirements of sub-rule (2) of rule 12 A 

         (8) Every permanent hospital  shall be provided  with an electric fan, unless it is served by a trunked mechanical ventilation system. 

         (9) Any radiators in a permanent hospital  shall be installed as far as is practicable from the heads of beds. 

         (10) In addition to the  lighting required  by rule 11 every permanent hospital shall be provided with a portable electric lamp and with accessories as are necessary. 

         (11)   In every ship which is required by this rule to be provided with a permanent hospital, at least one bed shall be provided in a hospital award for every 50, or fraction of 50, members of the crew.  The Central Government may exempt from the requirement of this sub-rule  any ship carrying more than 300 persons, to the extent that  it is satisfied that compliance therewith is unreasonable  or impracticable in the circumstances. 

         (12)  At least one single-tier  bed  shall  be provided in a ward in every permanent hospital.  The bed shall, if practicable, be so arranged as to be accessible from both  sides and from the foot,. If any beds in the ward are arranged in double tiers, the upper  tier shall be hinged or  removable.  Subject to the foregoing provisions of this sub-rule, the provision of sub-rules (2) to (9) (a) both inclusive and sub-rule (10) of rule 17 shall apply  to hospital  beds as they apply to beds in a sleeping room.   

                                      (13) In every ward in a permanent hospital one of each of the following items of
                           equipment shall be provided for each  bed in the hospital ward and shall be within reach of that
                           bed:- 

(a)     a locker approximately 30.48 centimeter square by 61.00 centimeters high, and fitted with a flat top and a flat top and a shelf;

(b)     a water bottle; and

(c)     a tumble. 

               (14) In every ward in a permanent hospital, the following  terms of equipment  shall be provided : 

(a)     seats adequate in number, having regard to the number  of beds in the ward:

(b)     a clothes locker additional to that required by sub-rule (13) and complying with the specifications set forth  in clause (a) (ii) of sub-rule (1) of rule 18;

(c)     a box cover which will conceal a bed-pan; and

(d)     electric bell pushes so arranged as to be within reach of each bed and communicating with the sleeping  room of a person in charge of the patients. 

               (15)  A wash-basin having a capacity of at least 6.82 litres shall be fitted in every permanent hospital.  In ships of 5,000 tons or over a bath at least 1.35 metres in internal length shall be  fitted in washing accommodation forming part of the  hospital and adjacent to the hospital  ward. The wash-basin and bath shall be made of or coated with hygienic and durable durable  matrial having a smooth and impervious  surface not likely  to crack, flake or become corroded.  They shall  be fitted with an efficient and hygienic discharge system separate, if  practicable, from any other discharge system separate, if practicable from any other discharge system in the ship and in particular the waste pipes shall be fitted in a manner which will facilitate  cleaning.   A scupper of at least 5.10 centimetres in diameter shall be fitted in the lowest part  of any room (other than a ward) which contains such was-basin or bath.  The Central Government may exempt any ship from the  requirement of  a bath in the permanent hospital, if it is  satisfied that  compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the circumstances. 

               (16)    (a)  A water closet pedestal shall be fitted as part of every permanent hospital 

               (b) The water closet pedestal shall be fitted either in a water closet or in washing accommodation froming part of the hospital. 

               (c) Access to the water closet pedestal (or washing accommodation, as the case may be ) shall be obtained directly from the hospital ward or from a lobby forming part of the hospital.  The Central Government  may exempt any ship from the requirement  of this clause if it is satisfied that compliance therewith is impracticable in the circumstances, and that the water closet forming part of the hospital is situated sufficiently near to the ward. 

               (d) The room in which the water closet pedestal is installed shall be provided with a gastight self-closing door unless it is served by a mechanical system of exhaust ventilation, and shall be so constructed as to facilitate cleaning and not to harbour dirt or vermin. 

               (e)  Such room shall be ventilated in the  manner specified in sub-rule (7) of rule 27 and shall comply with the requirements of sub-rule (9) or (10) of the said rule whichever shall  be applicable  in the circumstances.  

               (17)    The Central Government may exempt any ship of under 500 tons from any of the requirements of this rule. 

               32. Medical Cabinet—(1) In every ship to which these rules apply, a medical cabinet shall be provided in a position adjacent to the permanent hospital, if any required by rule 31 or near to the sleeping room of the person in charge of sick persons on board.  The medical cabinet  shall be fitted in a position in which  it will  remain dry and which is remote from all sources of heat. 

               (2) The medical cabinet  shall  be of size, design and construction suitable for storing the medicines, medical stores and book of instructions provided in the ship for the benefit of the seamen on board.  In particular, the medical cabinet shall be provided with the following : 

(a)     an outer door fitted with an efficient lock;

(b)     an inner cupboard fitted with a door and lock which shall be incapable of being opened  by the key to the lock referred to in clause (a) of this sub-rule; such inner cupboard  shall  be used solely for the  storage of poisonous drugs;

(c)     shelves so constructed as to facilitate the identification of  medicines stored thereon.

(d)      A  dispensing counter or dispensing table; in either case, with a surface which can easily be kept clean;

(e)     at teat tow drawers suitable for the  storage of medical stores and used solely for that purpose;

(f)       fittings which will enable hot water  bottles to be carried in a hanging position

(g)     a rack suitable for  holding devices for measuring medicines ;

(h)     a book containing readily understandable instructions  for the use of medicines and medical stores provided for the crew, unless the ship carries a duly qualified medical  practitioner as a member of  the crew. 

               The Central Government may exempt any ship from the requirements of this sub-rule to the extent that  it is  satisfied  that compliance therewith is impracticable, having regard to the size or intended service  of the ship. 

               (3) The medical cabinet shall be lighted by an electric light  which shall be inside or immediately outside the  cabinet and which will  enable all the contents of the  cabinet to be clearly  seen in the absence of light from any other source and shall contain, in additions an electric torch with provision for hanging  it in a position where it will provide emergency lighting for the cabinet. 

               (4) The medical cabinet and the place in which it is fitted shall be so ventilated as to avoid deterioration of the contents of the  cabinet. 

               (5)     The Central Government may exempt from any of the  requirements of this rule any ship of under 500 tons being a ship engaged only on the coasting trade of India, if it is satisfied that compliance therewith is unreasonable or impracticable in the  circumstance. 

               33. Protection from Mosquitoes -  (1) In every ship to which these rules apply, being a ship regularly engaged on voyages to any port to which this rules relates, the crew accommodation, other than galleys, store rooms and recreation spaces on the open deck shall be provided with protection against the admission of mosquitoes.  Such protection shall  be provided by means of screens of rust proof wire or other suitable material which shall be fitted to all side scuttles, natural ventilators, skylights and doors leading to the open deck. 

               (2) Any door to which such screens are fitted being a door …….entrance to a permanent or temporary hospital in a ship to which these rules apply, shall be of a self-closing type. 

               (3) The ports to which this  rule relates are the followings:- 

(a)     Ports between 200 South latitude on the coasts of --- 

(i)       Africa, excluding port Sudan and Massawa : 

   (ii) Asia, excluding  the East Indian Archipelago and the Philippine Island, but     excluding Aden, Bombay, Madras, Vizagapatmam, Colombo, Trincomalee, Singapore, Penang and Port Swettenham: 

(b)     Ports on the  coasts of Madagascar. 

               34. Maintenance and Inspection of Crew Accommodation —              

               (1)   The crew accommodation in every ship to which these rules apply, shall  be maintained in a clean and habitable condition  and equipments and  installations required by these rules shall e be maintained in good working order.  every part of the crew accommodation ( not being a store room) shall be kept free of store and other property not belonging to or provided for the use of persons for whom that part of the accommodation is appropriated, and in particular, no cargo shall be kept in any part of the crew accommodation. 

               (2)    The Master of the ship or an officer appointed by him for the purpose shall inspect every part of the crew accommodation at least one in every ten days and shall be accompanied on the inspection by one or more members of the crew.  The Master of the ship shall cause to be entered in  a book specially kept for the purpose a record of :-  

(a)     the time and date of the inspection;

(b)     the names and ranks of the persons making the inspection :

(c)     particulars of any respect in which the crew accommodation or any part thereof was found by any of the persons making the inspection not to comply with  these rules. 

               35. Inspection by a Surveyor - The crew accommodation in  every ship to which these rules apply, shall be inspected by a surveyor whenever :- 

(a)     the ship is registered or re-registered in India : 

(b)     any part of the crew accommodation in the ship undergoes substantial alterations or repairs  

(c)     the number of persons accommodated in any sleeping room is increased above that marked in accordance with sub -rule (1) of rule 15; 

(d)     in the opinion of  a surveyor, there is reason to  believe (whether or not in consequence of a complaint ) that  any of the provisions of these rules has been contravened in respect of that ship, or that nay condition subject to which the Central Government has exempted the ship from a requirement of  these rules has not been satisfied: 

(e)     a request for an inspection of the crew accommodation has been made to the Central Government to a competent authority  by or on behalf of the  owner of the ship or of any organization which appears to the Central Government to  be most representative of the owners of Indian ships or of the semen concerned : or  

(f)       a complaint has been lodged with an officer duly authorized under section 176 of the Act and complies with the following requirements:- 

(i) the complaint shall be in writing, signed by the Master or three or more members of the crew; 

(ii) the complaint shall  specify the respects in which it is alleged that  the crew-accommodation in the  ship does not comply with these rules: 

(iii) the complaint shall  be lodged without undue delay; 

(iv) the complaint shall be lodged at least 24 hours before the ship is due to sail, unless the ship is in port for less than 24 hours. 

               36.     Fees - The fees for inspection of crew accommodation shall be :-                                                                                                                                  Rs. 

                        For each visit to the ship                                                                        32                       

                        Maximum fee                                                                                       128